Novel boron-10-based detectors for neutron scattering science

Helium-3-free detectors for large- and small-area applications: The Multi-Grid and the Multi-Blade prototypes
Open Access
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Focus Point on 3He replacement in neutron detection: Current status and perspectives


Nowadays neutron scattering science is increasing its instrumental power. Most of the neutron sources in the world are pushing the development of their technologies to be more performing. The neutron scattering development is also pushed by the European Spallation Source (ESS) in Sweden, a neutron facility which has just started construction. Concerning small-area detectors (∼ 1 m2), the 3He technology, which is today cutting edge, is reaching fundamental limits in its development. Counting rate capability, spatial resolution and cost effectiveness, are only a few examples of the features that must be improved to fulfill the new requirements. On the other hand, 3He technology could still satisfy the detector requirements for large-area applications (∼50 m2), however, because of the present 3He shortage that the world is experiencing, this is not practical anymore. The recent detector advances (the Multi-Grid and the Multi-Blade prototypes) developed in the framework of the collaboration between the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) and ESS are presented in this paper. In particular two novel 10B-based detectors are described; one for large-area applications (the Multi-Grid prototype) and one for application in neutron reflectometry (small-area applications, the Multi-Blade prototype).


Neutron Detection Anode Wire Neutron Facility Counting Rate Capability Instrumental Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    S. Peggs, ESS Technical Design Report, ESS-doc-274 (2013).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. Gebauer et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 535, 65 (2004).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Cooper, A program for neutron detector research and development, in Proceedings of the Workshop Held at Oak Ridge National Laboratory July 12-13, 2002 (2003).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Hall-Wilton, Detectors for the European Spallation Source, in Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC) Anaheim, IEEE TNS (2012) pp. 4283--4289.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.A. Shea, D. Morgan, The Helium-3 Shortage: Supply, Demand, and Options for Congress, Congressional Research Service, 22 December 2010.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R.T. Kouzes, The 3He Supply Problem, Technical Report 11-753, US Government Accountability Office 2011.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Zeitelhack, Neutron News 23, 10 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Ollivier et al., Neutron News 21, 22 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R.A. Campbell et al., Eur. Phys. J. Plus 126, 107 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Webster et al., Physica B 385-386, 1164 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T-REX Proposal, submitted for consideration, ESS instrument proposal round 2013-4.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    FREIA - ESS Instrument Construction Proposal 2013.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Birch et al., IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60, 871 (2013).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Patent no. 20110215251.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.C. Buffet, Study of a 10B-based Multi-Blade detector for Neutron Scattering Science, in Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC) Anaheim, IEEE TNS (2012) pp. 171-175.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    F. Piscitelli et al., JINST 9, P03007 (2014).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.C. Buffet et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 554, 392 (2005).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D.S. McGregor et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 500, 272 (2003).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    F. Piscitelli et al., JINST 8, P04020 (2013).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. Höglund et al., J. Appl. Phys. 111, 10490 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    K. Andersen et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 720, 116 (2012).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Bigault et al., Neutron News 23, 20 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Khaplanov, Multi-Grid Boron-10 detector for large area applications in neutron scattering science, arXiv:1209.0566 (2012).
  24. 24.
    J. Birch et al., J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 528, 012040 (2014).ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    F.F. Dyer et al., J. Radioanal. Chem. 72, 53 (1982) Determination of uranium and thorium in semiconductor memory materials by high fluence neutron activation analysis.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. Hofmann, Natural Radionuclide Concentrations in Materials Processed in the Chemical Industry and the Related Radiological Impact, European Commission Report EUR 19264 (2000).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    K. Zeitelhack, Investigation of 3He Proportional Counters for Neutron Detection made from Ni-coated Aluminium tubes, Internal Report Detectorlab FRM-II (2001).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Praxair - Surface technologies,
  29. 29.
    Norsk Hydro ASA - Aluminium metal and aluminium products,
  30. 30.
    Y. Blanc, Le Spectrometre a temps de vol IN6, ILL report 83BL21G (1983).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. Khaplanov et al., JINST 8, P10025 (2013).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Stahn et al., Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 58, 11001 (2012).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Reflectometry instruments. ESS Instrument Construction Proposal round 2013.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    R. Cubitt et al., Eur. Phys. J. Plus 126, 111 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    R. Cubitt et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 558, 547 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL), 6Jules HorowitzGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.European Spallation Source (ESS AB)LundSweden
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

Personalised recommendations