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Metachronal beating of cilia under influence of Hartmann layer and heat transfer

  • Noreen Sher Akbar
  • Z. H. Khan
  • S. Nadeem
Regular Article

Abstract

The propulsion system of cilia motion is investigated considering a viscous fluid model. The problem of the two-dimensional fluid motion in a symmetric channel with ciliated walls is considered. The features of ciliary structures are resolved by the supremacy of viscosity effects over inertial control by the long-wavelength and low-Reynolds-number approximation. Exact solutions for the longitudinal pressure gradient, temperature and velocities are obtained. The pressure gradient and volume flow rate for different values of the flow parameters are also predicted. The flow possessions for the viscous fluid are solved as a function of the cilia and metachronal wave velocity.

Keywords

Pressure Rise Hartmann Number Ciliary Motion Brinkman Number Symmetric Channel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Nomenclature

U, V

Velocity components

M

Hartmann number

X, Y

Coordinates

a

Wave’s amplitudes

μ

Viscosity of the fluid

T

Temperature

Φ

Cilia length

β

Slenderness parameter

Re

Modified Reynolds number

ν

Kinematic viscosity of the fluid

t

Time

c

Wave speed

a

Stretching parameter

Q

Flow rate

py

Yield stress

α

Eccentricity of the elliptical motion

Br

Brinkman number

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DBS&H CEMENational University of Sciences and TechnologyIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.School of Mathematical SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingP.R. China
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsUniversity of MalakandKhyber PakhtunkhwaPakistan
  4. 4.Department of MathematicsQuaid-i-Azam University 45320IslamabadPakistan

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