Advertisement

Novel collective effects in integrated photonics

Regular Article

Abstract

Superradiance, the enhanced collective emission of energy from a coherent ensemble of quantum systems, has been typically studied in atomic ensembles. In this work we study theoretically the enhanced emission of energy from coherent ensembles of harmonic oscillators. We show that it should be possible to observe harmonic oscillator superradiance for the first time in waveguide arrays in integrated photonics. Furthermore, we describe how pairwise correlations within the ensemble can be measured with this architecture. These pairwise correlations are an integral part of the phenomenon of superradiance and have never been observed in experiments to date.

Keywords

Quantum Optics 

References

  1. 1.
    G.D. Marshall, A. Politi, J.C.F. Matthews, P. Dekker, M. Ams, M.J. Withford, J.L. O’Brien, Opt. Express 17, 12546 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 15, 1579 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.J. Shadbolt, M.R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J.C.F. Matthews, J.L. O’Brien, Nat. Photon. 6, 45 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Peruzzo, A. Laing, A. Politi, T. Rudolph, J.L. O’Brien, Nat. Commun. 2, 224 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, J. Vučković, Nat. Photon. 3, 687 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Peruzzo et al., Science 329, 1500 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.O. Owens, M.A. Broome, D.N. Biggerstaff, M.E. Goggin, A. Fedrizzi, T. Linjordet, M. Ams, G.D. Marshall, J. Twamley, M.J. Withford, A.G. White, New J. Phys. 13, 075003 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Keil, A. Perez-Leija, F. Dreisow, M. Heinrich, H. Moya-Cessa, S. Nolte, D.N. Christodoulides, A. Szameit, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 103601 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Xiong et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 051101 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.H. Dicke, Phys. Rev. 93, 99 (1954)ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G.S. Agarwal, Quantum Statistical Theories of Spontaneous Emission and their Relation to Other Approaches, in Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer, 1974), Vol. 70Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Gross, S. Haroche, Phys. Rep. 93, 301 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Brandes, Phys. Rep. 408, 315 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G.S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 2, 2038 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. Meiser, M.J. Holland, Phys. Rev. A 81, 033847 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R.G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 52, 2965 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H.J. Carmichael, in Statistical Methods in Quantum Optics 1: Master Equations and Fokker-Planck Equations (Springer, 2003)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R.P. Puri, S.V. Lawande, Phys. Lett. A 69, 161 (1978)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    G.S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 3, 1783 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Longhi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 110402 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H.N. Xiong, W.M. Zhang, X. Wang, M.H. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 012105 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    W.M. Zhang, M.H. Wu, C.U. Lei, H.N. Xiong, Opt. Express 18, 18407 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. Rabl, A. Shnirman, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. B 70, 205304 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Longhi, Opt. Lett. 32, 557 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    N. Vats, S. John, Phys. Rev. A 58, 4168 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    K. Okamoto, in Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides, 2nd edn. (Academic Press, 2006)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    D.F. Walls, G.J. Milburn, in Quantum Optics, 2nd edn. (Springer, 2008)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.A. Campos, B.E.A. Saleh, M.C. Teich, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1371 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Engineered Quantum Systems, Department of Physics and AstronomyMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.CSIRO Materials Science and EngineeringLindfieldAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, Department of Quantum ScienceAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations