A new numerical method for inverse Laplace transforms used to obtain gluon distributions from the proton structure function

  • Martin M. Block
  • Loyal Durand
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


We recently derived a very accurate and fast new algorithm for numerically inverting the Laplace transforms needed to obtain gluon distributions from the proton structure function \(F_{2}^{\gamma p}(x,Q^{2})\). We numerically inverted the function g(s), s being the variable in Laplace space, to G(v), where v is the variable in ordinary space. We have since discovered that the algorithm does not work if g(s)→0 less rapidly than 1/s as s→∞, e.g., as 1/s β for 0<β<1. In this note, we derive a new numerical algorithm for such cases, which holds for all positive and non-integer negative values of β. The new algorithm is exact if the original function G(v) is given by the product of a power v β−1 and a polynomial in v. We test the algorithm numerically for very small positive β, β=10−6 obtaining numerical results that imitate the Dirac delta function δ(v). We also devolve the published MSTW2008LO gluon distribution at virtuality Q 2=5 GeV2 down to the lower virtuality Q 2=1.69 GeV2. For devolution, β is negative, giving rise to inverse Laplace transforms that are distributions and not proper functions. This requires us to introduce the concept of Hadamard Finite Part integrals, which we discuss in detail.


Dirac Delta Function Gluon Distribution Fractional Error Convolution Integral Complex Conjugate Pair 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  3. 3.AspenUSA

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