The European Physical Journal C

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 55–61 | Cite as

On puzzles and non-puzzles in B→ππ,πK decays

Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

Recently, we have seen interesting progress in the exploration of CP violation in B0d→π+π-: the measurements of mixing-induced CP violation by the BaBar and Belle collaborations are now in good agreement with each other, whereas the picture of direct CP violation is still unclear. Using the branching ratio and direct CP asymmetry of B0d→π-K+, this situation can be clarified. We predict \(\mathcal{A}_{CP}^{\text{dir}}(B_d\to\pi^+\pi^-)=-0.24\pm0.04\), which favours the BaBar result, and we extract γ=(70.0+3.8-4.3)°, which agrees with the unitarity triangle fits. Extending our analysis to other B→πK modes and B0s→K+K- with the help of the SU(3) flavour symmetry and plausible dynamical assumptions, we find that all observables with colour-suppressed electroweak penguin contributions are measured to be in excellent agreement with the standard model. As far as the ratios Rc,n of the charged and neutral B→πK branching ratios are concerned, which are sizeably affected by electroweak penguin contributions, our standard-model predictions have almost unchanged central values but significantly reduced errors. Since the new data have moved quite a bit towards these results, the “B→πK puzzle” for the CP conserving quantities has been significantly reduced. However, the mixing-induced CP violation of B0d→π0KS does look puzzling; if confirmed by future measurements, this effect could be accommodated through a modified electroweak penguin sector with a large CP violating new-physics phase. Finally, we point out that the established difference between the direct CP asymmetries of B±→π0K± and Bd→πK± appears to be generated by hadronic and not by new physics.

Keywords

Standard Model Prediction Belle Collaboration Unitarity Triangle Hadronic Parameter Electroweak Penguin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Theory Division, Department of PhysicsCERNGeneva 23Switzerland
  2. 2.Physik DepartmentTechnische Universität MünchenGarchingGermany
  3. 3.Departament de Física TeòricaIFAE, UABBarcelonaSpain

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