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The European Physical Journal C

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 569–580 | Cite as

UCLA space-time area law model: A persuasive foundation for hadronization

  • S. Abachi
  • C. Buchanan
  • A. Chien
  • S. Chun
  • B. Hartfiel
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

From the studies of rates and distributions of heavy quark (c, b) mesons we have developed additional evidence that hadron formation, at least in the simplest environment of e+e- collisions, is dominantly controlled by a space-time area law (“STAL”), an approach suggested by both non-perturbative QCD and relativistic string models. From the dynamics of heavy quarks whose classical space-time world-lines deviate significantly from the light-cone, we report the exact calculation of the relevant space-time area and the derivation of a Lorentz invariant variable, zeff, which reduces to the light-cone momentum fraction z for low mass quarks. Using zeff in the exponent of our fragmentation function in place of z, we find persuasive agreement with L=0, 1 charmed and bottom meson data as well as for u, d, s L=0 states. Presuming STAL to be a valid first-order description for all these meson data, we find the scale of other possible second-order effects to be limited to ∼20% or less of the observed rates. The model favors a b-quark mass of ∼4.5 GeV.

Keywords

Heavy Quark Fragmentation Function Parton Shower Light Meson Aleph Collaboration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Abachi
    • 1
  • C. Buchanan
    • 1
  • A. Chien
    • 1
  • S. Chun
    • 1
  • B. Hartfiel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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