The European Physical Journal B

, Volume 75, Issue 1, pp 31–35 | Cite as

Edge states of epitaxially grown graphene on 4H-SiC(0001) studied by scanning tunneling microscopy

  • M. Ye
  • Y. T. Cui
  • Y. Nishimura
  • Y. Yamada
  • S. Qiao
  • A. Kimura
  • M. Nakatake
  • H. Namatame
  • M. Taniguchi
Regular Article


The edge properties of single layer graphene epitaxially grown on partially graphitized 4H-SiC(0001) surface have been investigated with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). We directly observed the atomic-structure dependency of the super structures in the vicinity of armchair and zigzag edges due to the different kinds of symmetry-breaking at those two edges.


Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Edge State Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Image Step Edge Single Layer Graphene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K.S. Novoselov, A.K. Geim, S.V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S.V. Dubonos, I.V. Grigorieva, A.A. Firsov, Science 306, 666 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Berger, Z. Song, T. Li, X. Li, A.Y. Ogbazghi, R. Feng, Z. Dai, A.N. Marchenkov, E.H. Conrad, P.N. First, W.A. de Heer, J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 19912 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K.S. Novoselov, A.K. Geim, S.V. Morozov, D. Jiang, M.I. Katsnelson, I.V. Grigorieva, S.V. Dubonos, A.A. Firsov, Nature 438, 197 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Zhang, Y.-W. Tan, H.L. Stormer, P. Kim, Nature 438, 201 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Wunsch, T. Stauber, F. Guinea, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035316 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Zheng, W. Duley, Phys. Rev. B 78, 155118 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Min, J.E. Hill, N.A. Sinitsyn, B.R. Sahu, L. Kleinman, A.H. MacDonald, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155426 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Fujita, K. Wakabayashi, K. Nakada, K. Kusakabe, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 65, 1920 (1996)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Jung, T. Pereg-Barnea, A.H. MacDonald, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 227205 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Zarea, N. Sandler, Phys. Rev. B 79, 165442 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V.M. Karpan, P.A. Khomyakov, A.A. Starikov, G. Giovannetti, M. Zwierzycki, M. Talanana, G. Brocks, J. van den Brink, P.J. Kelly, Phys. Rev. B 78, 195419 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. Niimi, T. Matsui, H. Kambara, K. Tagami, M. Tsukada, H. Fukuyama, Phys. Rev. B 73, 085421 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yousuke Kobayashi, Ken-ichi Fukui, Toshiaki Enoki, Koichi Kusakabe, Yutaka Kaburagi, Phys. Rev. B 71, 193406 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yousuke Kobayashi, Ken-ichi Fukui, Toshiaki Enoki, Koichi Kusakabe, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125415 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. Rollings, G.-H. Gweon, S.Y. Zhou, B.S. Mun, J.L. McChesney, B.S. Hussain, A.V. Fedorov, P.N. First, W.A. deHeer, A. Lanzara, J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 67, 2172 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S.Y. Zhou, G.-H. Gweon, A.V. Fedorov, P.N. First, W.A. de Heer, D.-H. Lee, F. Guinea, A.H. Castro Neto, A. Lanzara, Nature Materials 6, 770 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Marchini, S. Gnther, J. Wintterlin, Phys. Rev. B 76, 075429 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J.B. Hannon, R.M. Tromp, Phys. Rev. B 77, 241401R (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Hupalo, E.H. Conrad, M.C. Tringides, Phys. Rev. B 80, 041401 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    I. Forbeaux, J.-M. Themlin, J.-M. Debever, Phys. Rev. B 58, 16396 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Kim, J. Ihm, H.J. Choi, Y.-W. Son, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 176802 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K.V. Emtsev, F. Speck, Th. Seyller, L. Ley, J.D. Riley, Phys. Rev. B 77, 155303 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Ye, Y.T. Cui, S. Qiao, A. Kimura, M. Sawada, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, e-J. Surf. Sci. Nanotech. 7, 29 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G.F. Sun, J.F. Jia, Q.K. Xue, L. Li, Nanotechnology 20, 355701 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    C. Virojanadara, R. Yakimova, J.R. Osiecki, M. Syväjärvi, R.I.G. Uhrberg, L.I. Johansson, A.A. Zakharov, Surf. Sci. 603, L87 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ye
    • 1
  • Y. T. Cui
    • 2
  • Y. Nishimura
    • 1
  • Y. Yamada
    • 1
  • S. Qiao
    • 3
  • A. Kimura
    • 1
  • M. Nakatake
    • 2
  • H. Namatame
    • 2
  • M. Taniguchi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsLaboratory of Advanced Materials, and Surface Physics Laboratory (National Key Laboratory), Fudan UniversityShanghaiP.R. China

Personalised recommendations