Effects of size and surface anisotropy on thermal magnetization and hysteresis in the magnetic clusters
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Based on Monte Carlo simulation, the spin configurations, thermal magnetization and hysteresis loops of the clusters coated by the surface shell with radial anisotropy are studied. Interestingly, a new multidomain containing a few of subdomains whose easy directions are along those of the configurational anisotropy, a magnetization curve in steps and a first order phase transition from the single domain to the multidomain in the thermal and field magnetization processes, are found, which is as a result of the interplay of the configurational anisotropy, the size effect, the surface anisotropy, the applied field and the thermal fluctuation. In this first order transition, we find a critical temperature, a critical surface anisotropy and a critical size. The simulated temperature dependence of the coercivity of the cluster with the surface anisotropy can be fitted by Hc (T)=Hc (0)(1-CαTα) with low value of α, which explains well the experimental results of the nanoparticles. Moreover, it is found that the hysteresis loops and coercivity are strongly affected by the cluster size and the thickness of the surface layer.
PACS.75.75.+a Magnetic properties of nanostructures 75.40.Mg Numerical simulation studies 75.60.Ej Magnetization curves, hysteresis, Barkhausen and related effects 75.60.Jk Magnetization reversal mechanisms
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