Andreev-Lifshitz supersolid revisited for a few electrons on a square lattice II
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In this second paper, using N = 3 polarized electrons (spinless fermions) interacting via a U/r Coulomb repulsion on a two dimensional L×L square lattice with periodic boundary conditions and nearest neighbor hopping t, we show that a single unpaired fermion can co-exist with a correlated two particle Wigner molecule for intermediate values of the Coulomb energy to kinetic energy ratio rs = UL/(2t\(\)). This supports in an ultimate mesoscopic limit a possibility proposed by Andreev and Lifshitz for the thermodynamic limit: a quantum crystal may have delocalized defects without melting, the number of sites of the crystalline array being smaller than the total number of particles. When L = 6, the ground state exhibits four regimes as rs increases: a Hartree-Fock regime, a first supersolid regime where a correlated pair co-exists with a third fully delocalized particle, a second supersolid regime where the third particle is partly delocalized, and eventually a correlated lattice regime.
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