The stability of magnetobipolarons in low-dimensional systems
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We investigate the stability condition of large bipolarons confined in a parabolic potential containing certain parameters and a uniform magnetic field. The variational wave function is constructed as a product form of electronic parts, consisting of center of mass and internal motion, and a part of coherent phonons generated by Lee-Low-Pines transformation from the vacuum. An analytical expression for the bipolaron energy is found, from which the ground and excited-state energies are obtained numerically by minimization procedure. The bipolaron stability region is determined by comparing the bipolaron energy with those of two separate polarons, which is already calculated within the same approximation. It is shown that the results obtained for the ground state energy of bipolarons reduce to the existing works in zero magnetic field. In the presence of a magnetic field, the stability of bipolarons is examined, for three types of low-dimensional system, as function of certain parameters, such as the magnetic-field, the electron-phonon coupling constant, Coulomb repulsion and the confinement strength. Numerical solutions for the energy levels of the ground and first excited states are examined as functions of the same parameters.
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