Weakly screened thermonuclear reactions in astrophysical plasmas: Improving Salpeter’s model
This paper presents a detailed study of the electron degeneracy and nonlinear screening effects which play a crucial role in the validity of Salpeter’s weak-screening model. The limitations of that model are investigated and an improved one is proposed which can take into account nonlinear screening effects. Its application to the solar pp reaction derives an accurate screening enhancement factor and provides a very reliable estimation of the associated neutrino flux uncertanties.
PACS 26.10.+a, 26.20.+f, 96.60.Jw, 26.65.+t