Solar neutrinos and neutrino physics

Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Underground nuclear astrophysics and solar neutrinos: Impact on astrophysics, solar and neutrino physics

Abstract.

Solar neutrino studies triggered and largely motivated the major developments in neutrino physics in the last 50 years. The theory of neutrino propagation in different media with matter and fields has been elaborated. It includes oscillations in vacuum and matter, resonance flavor conversion and resonance oscillations, spin and spin-flavor precession, etc. LMA MSW has been established as the true solution of the solar neutrino problem. Parameters \(\theta_{12}\) and \( \Delta\) m 2 21 have been measured; \( \theta_{13}\) extracted from the solar data is in agreement with results from reactor experiments. Solar neutrino studies provide a sensitive way to test theory of neutrino oscillations and conversion. Characterized by long baseline, huge fluxes and low energies they are a powerful set-up to search for new physics beyond the standard 3\( \nu\) paradigm: new neutrino states, sterile neutrinos, non-standard neutrino interactions, effects of violation of fundamental symmetries, new dynamics of neutrino propagation, probes of space and time. These searches allow us to get stringent, and in some cases unique bounds on new physics. We summarize the results on physics of propagation, neutrino properties and physics beyond the standard model obtained from studies of solar neutrinos.

Keywords

Neutrino Oscillation Matter Potential Sterile Neutrino Solar Neutrino Mass Splitting 

References

  1. 1.
    B. Pontecorvo, Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 984 (1968) (Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 53ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Davis, Jr., D.S. Harmer, K.C. Hoffman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 20, 1205 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Livia Ludova, Eur. Phys. J. A 52, 82 (2016) contribution to this Topical IssueCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Cisneros, Astrophys. Space Sci. 10, 87 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    L.B. Okun, M.B. Voloshin, M.I. Vysotsky, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 446 (1986) (Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 91Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.N. Bahcall, N. Cabibbo, A. Yahil, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 316 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Z.G. Berezhiani, M.I. Vysotsky, Phys. Lett. B 199, 281 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Wolfenstein, Phys. Rev. D 17, 2369 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. Wolfenstein, Phys. Rev. D 20, 2634 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Wolfenstein, in Neutrino-78, Purdue Univ. C 3 (1978)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.P. Mikheyev, A.Yu. Smirnov, Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 42, 913 (1985)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S.P. Mikheyev, A.Yu. Smirnov, Nuovo Cimento C 9, 17 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.P. Mikheev, A.Yu. Smirnov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 4 (1986)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.L. Glashow, L.M. Krauss, Phys. Lett. B 190, 199 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. Roulet, Phys. Rev. D 44, 935 (1991)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.M. Guzzo, A. Masiero, S.T. Petcov, Phys. Lett. B 260, 154 (1991)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C.S. Lim, W.J. Marciano, Phys. Rev. D 37, 1368 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E.K. Akhmedov, Phys. Lett. B 213, 64 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Gasperini, Phys. Rev. D 38, 2635 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    V.A. Kostelecky, M. Mewes, Phys. Rev. D 69, 016005 (2004) hep-ph/0309025ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    KamLAND Collaboration (K. Eguchi et al.), Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 021802 (2003) hep-ex/0212021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    KamLAND Collaboration (T. Araki et al.), Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 081801 (2005) hep-ex/0406035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    KamLAND Collaboration (S. Abe et al.), Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 221803 (2008) arXiv:0801.4589 [hep-ex]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H.A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1305 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. Messiah, in Proceedings of the 6th Moriond Workshop on massive Neutrinos in Astrophysics and Particle Physics, Tignes, Savoie, France January 1986, edited by O. Fackler, J. Tran Thanh Van (1986) p. 373Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    K. Kiers, S. Nussinov, N. Weiss, Phys. Rev. D 53, 537 (1996) hep-ph/9506271ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Kersten, A.Yu. Smirnov, arXiv:1512.09068 [hep-ph], to be published in Eur. Phys. J. C
  28. 28.
    S. Goswami, A.Yu. Smirnov, Phys. Rev. D 72, 053011 (2005) hep-ph/0411359ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    W.C. Haxton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 1271 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    S.J. Parke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 1275 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    P.C. de Holanda, W. Liao, A.Yu. Smirnov, Nucl. Phys. B 702, 307 (2004) hep-ph/0404042ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S.T. Petcov, Phys. Lett. B 200, 373 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S.P. Mikheyev, A.Yu. Smirnov, in Proceedings of the 6th Moriond Workshop on massive Neutrinos in Astrophysics and Particle Physics, Tignes, Savoie, France January 1986, edited by O. Fackler, J. Tran Thanh Van (1986) p. 355Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. Bouchez, M. Cribier, J. Rich, M. Spiro, D. Vignaud, W. Hampel, Z. Phys. C 32, 499 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. Cribier, W. Hampel, J. Rich, D. Vignaud, Phys. Lett. B 182, 89 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    A.N. Ioannisian, A.Yu. Smirnov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 241801 (2004) hep-ph/0404060ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    E.K. Akhmedov, M.A. Tortola, J.W.F. Valle, JHEP 05, 057 (2004) hep-ph/0404083ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    M. Blennow, T. Ohlsson, H. Snellman, Phys. Rev. D 69, 073006 (2004) hep-ph/0311098ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    H. Minakata, C. Pena-Garay, Adv. High Energy Phys. 2012, 349686 (2012) arXiv:1009.4869 [hep-ph]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    A.N. Ioannisian, N.A. Kazarian, A.Yu. Smirnov, D. Wyler, Phys. Rev. D 71, 033006 (2005) hep-ph/0407138ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    H. Minakata, S. Watanabe, Phys. Lett. B 468, 256 (1999) hep-ph/9906530ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    G.L. Fogli, E. Lisi, A. Marrone, A. Palazzo, Phys. Lett. B 583, 149 (2004) hep-ph/0309100ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    M.C. Gonzalez-Garcia, M. Maltoni, JHEP 1309, 152 (2013) arXiv:1307.3092 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    BOREXINO Collaboration (G. Bellini et al.), Nature 512, 7515, 383 (2014)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (A. Renshaw et al.), Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 9, 091805 (2014) arXiv:1312.5176 [hep-ex]Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Borexino Collaboration (G. Bellini et al.), Phys. Lett. B 707, 22 (2012) arXiv:1104.2150 [hep-ex]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    A. Suzuki, Eur. Phys. J. C 74, 10, 3094 (2014) arXiv: 1409.4515 [hep-ex]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    M.C. Gonzalez-Garcia, M. Maltoni, T. Schwetz, JHEP 11, 052 (2014) arXiv:1409.5439 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    RENO Collaboration (S.H. Seo), AIP Conf. Proc. 1666, 080002 (2015) arXiv:1410.7987 [hep-ex]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Daya Bay Collaboration (L. Zhan), arXiv:1506.01149 [hep-ex]
  51. 51.
    M. Maltoni, A.Yu. Smirnov, in preparationGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    KamLAND Collaboration (A. Gando et al.), Phys. Rev. D 88, 3, 033001 (2013) arXiv:1303.4667 [hep-ex]Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    F. Capozzi, E. Lisi, A. Marrone, D. Montanino, A. Palazzo, arXiv:1601.07777 [hep-ph]
  54. 54.
    H. Minakata, A.Yu. Smirnov, Phys. Rev. D 70, 073009 (2004) hep-ph/0405088ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    P.F. Harrison, D.H. Perkins, W.G. Scott, Phys. Lett. B 530, 167 (2002) hep-ph/0202074ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    C.S. Lam, Phys. Rev. D 78, 073015 (2008) arXiv:0809.1185 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    C.S. Lam, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 121602 (2008) arXiv:0804.2622 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    W. Grimus, L. Lavoura, P.O. Ludl, J. Phys. G 36, 115007 (2009) arXiv:0906.2689 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    A.S. Dighe, A.Yu. Smirnov, Phys. Rev. D 62, 033007 (2000) hep-ph/9907423ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    C. Lunardini, A.Yu. Smirnov, Phys. Rev. D 64, 073006 (2001) hep-ph/0012056ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    A.D. Dolgov, S.H. Hansen, S. Pastor, S.T. Petcov, G.G. Raffelt, D.V. Semikoz, Nucl. Phys. B 632, 363 (2002) hep-ph/0201287ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    A. de Gouvea, W.C. Huang, J. Jenkins, Phys. Rev. D 80, 073007 (2009) arXiv:0906.1611 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    A. Donini, P. Hernandez, J. Lopez-Pavon, M. Maltoni, JHEP 07, 105 (2011) arXiv:1106.0064 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    P.C. de Holanda, A.Yu. Smirnov, Phys. Rev. D 69, 113002 (2004) hep-ph/0307266ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    P.C. de Holanda, A.Yu. Smirnov, Phys. Rev. D 83, 113011 (2011) arXiv:1012.5627 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    A. Palazzo, Phys. Rev. D 83, 113013 (2011) arXiv:1105.1705 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    J. Kopp, P.A.N. Machado, M. Maltoni, T. Schwetz, JHEP 05, 050 (2013) arXiv:1303.3011 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Borexino Collaboration (G. Bellini et al.), Phys. Rev. D 88, 7, 072010 (2013) arXiv:1311.5347 [hep-ex]Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    A. Friedland, C. Lunardini, C. Pena-Garay, Phys. Lett. B 594, 347 (2004) hep-ph/0402266ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    A. Palazzo, J.W.F. Valle, Phys. Rev. D 80, 091301 (2009) arXiv:0909.1535 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    A. Bolanos, O.G. Miranda, A. Palazzo, M.A. Tortola, J.W.F. Valle, Phys. Rev. D 79, 113012 (2009) arXiv:0812.4417 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    O.G. Miranda, M.A. Tortola, J.W.F. Valle, JHEP 10, 008 (2006) hep-ph/0406280ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    M.M. Guzzo, P.C. de Holanda, O.L.G. Peres, Phys. Lett. B 591, 1 (2004) hep-ph/0403134ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Y. Farzan, arXiv:1505.06906 [hep-ph]
  75. 75.
    S.K. Agarwalla, F. Lombardi, T. Takeuchi, JHEP 12, 079 (2012) arXiv:1207.3492 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    C. Giunti, A. Studenikin, arXiv:1403.6344 [hep-ph]
  77. 77.
    K. Fujikawa, R. Shrock, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 963 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    W. Grimus, T. Schwetz, Nucl. Phys. B 587, 45 (2000) hep-ph/0006028ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    J. Schechter, J.W.F. Valle, Phys. Rev. D 24, 1883 (1981) Phys. Rev. D 25ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    H. Minakata, H. Nunokawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 121 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    O.G. Miranda, C. Pena-Garay, T.I. Rashba, V.B. Semikoz, J.W.F. Valle, Phys. Lett. B 521, 299 (2001) hep-ph/0108145ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    E.K. Akhmedov, J. Pulido, Phys. Lett. B 553, 7 (2003) hep-ph/0209192ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    O.G. Miranda, T.I. Rashba, A.I. Rez, J.W.F. Valle, Phys. Rev. D 70, 113002 (2004) hep-ph/0406066ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Borexino Collaboration (G. Bellini et al.), Phys. Lett. B 696, 191 (2011) arXiv:1010.0029 [hep-ex]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    KamLAND Collaboration (K. Eguchi et al.), Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 071301 (2004) hep-ex/0310047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    W. Grimus, M. Maltoni, T. Schwetz, M.A. Tortola, J.W.F. Valle, Nucl. Phys. B 648, 376 (2003) hep-ph/0208132ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    J.M. Berryman, A. de Gouvea, D. Hernandez, arXiv:1411.0308 [hep-ph]
  88. 88.
    R. Picoreti, M.M. Guzzo, P.C. de Holanda, O.L.G. Peres, arXiv:1506.08158 [hep-ph]
  89. 89.
    V. De Sabbata, M. Gasperini, Nuovo Cimento A 65, 479 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    S.R. Coleman, S.L. Glashow, Phys. Lett. B 405, 249 (1997) hep-ph/9703240ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    D. Colladay, V.A. Kostelecky, Phys. Rev. D 55, 6760 (1997) hep-ph/9703464ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    R. Fardon, A.E. Nelson, N. Weiner, JCAP 10, 005 (2004) astro-ph/0309800ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    M. Cirelli, M.C. Gonzalez-Garcia, C. Pena-Garay, Nucl. Phys. B 719, 219 (2005) hep-ph/0503028ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    D.B. Kaplan, A.E. Nelson, N. Weiner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 091801 (2004) hep-ph/0401099ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    V. Barger, P. Huber, D. Marfatia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 211802 (2005) hep-ph/0502196ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    T.D. Lee, C.N. Yang, Phys. Rev. 98, 1501 (1955)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    M.C. Gonzalez-Garcia, P.C. de Holanda, E. Masso, R. Zukanovich Funchal, JCAP 01, 005 (2007) hep-ph/0609094ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    J.R. Ellis, J.S. Hagelin, D.V. Nanopoulos, M. Srednicki, Nucl. Phys. B 241, 381 (1984)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    G.L. Fogli, E. Lisi, A. Marrone, D. Montanino, A. Palazzo, Phys. Rev. D 76, 033006 (2007) arXiv:0704.2568 [hep-ph]ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    N. Arkani-Hamed, S. Dimopoulos, G.R. Dvali, J. March-Russell, Phys. Rev. D 65, 024032 (2002) hep-ph/9811448ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    G.R. Dvali, A.Yu. Smirnov, Nucl. Phys. B 563, 63 (1999) hep-ph/9904211ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    D.O. Caldwell, R.N. Mohapatra, S.J. Yellin, Phys. Rev. D 64, 073001 (2001) hep-ph/0102279ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    D.O. Caldwell, R.N. Mohapatra, S.J. Yellin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 041601 (2001) hep-ph/0010353ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    A. Lukas, P. Ramond, A. Romanino, G.G. Ross, Phys. Lett. B 495, 136 (2000) hep-ph/0008049ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    J. Billard, L.E. Strigari, E. Figueroa-Feliciano, Phys. Rev. D 91, 9, 095023 (2015) arXiv:1409.0050 [astro-ph.CO]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Instituto de Fısica Teórica UAM/CSIC, Calle de Nicolás Cabrera 13-15Universidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Max-Planck Institute for Nuclear PhysicsHeidelbergGermany
  3. 3.ICTPTriesteItaly

Personalised recommendations