Beacons in the sky: Classical novae vs. X-ray bursts

  • J. José
  • M. Hernanz
Nuclear Physics in Astrophysics II

Abstract.

Thermonuclear runaways are at the origin of some of the most energetic and frequent stellar cataclysmic events. In this review talk, we outline our understanding of the mechanisms leading to classical nova explosions and X-ray bursts, together with their associated nucleosynthesis. In particular, we focus on the interplay between nova outbursts and the Galactic chemical abundances (where 13C, 15N, and 17O constitute the likely imprints of many nova outbursts during the overall 10Gyr of Galactic history), the synthesis of radioactive nuclei of interest for gamma-ray astronomy ( 7Be- 7Li, 22Na, or 26Al), the endpoint of nova nucleosynthesis, based on theoretical and observational grounds, and the recent discovery of presolar meteoritic grains, both in the Murchison and Acfer 094 meteorites, likely condensed in nova shells. Recent progress in the modeling of X-ray bursts as well as an insight into the input nuclear physics requests, for both novae and X-ray bursts, will also be presented.

PACS.

26.50.+x Nuclear physics aspects of novae, supernovae, and other explosive environments 26.30.+k Nucleosynthesis in novae, supernovae and other explosive environments 95.85.Pw γ-ray 97.80.Gm Cataclysmic binaries (novae, dwarf novae, recurrent novae, and nova-like objects); symbiotic stars 

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. José
    • 1
  • M. Hernanz
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC-UPC) and Departament de Fısica i Enginyeria NuclearUniversitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC-CSIC) and Institut de Ciències de l'Espai (CSIC)BellaterraSpain

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