Origin of the pseudospin symmetry in the relativistic formalism
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The grounds on which the nuclear pseudospin symmetry (PSS) is supposed to be based are analysed within the relativistic mean-field framework. A connection between the mechanisms responsible for the spin-orbit and pseudospin-orbit splittings is shown. The nature of the PSS is investigated through an extended Dirac equation which allows a generalization of the PSS breaking term. It is shown that the PSS breaking in real nuclei can be explained as a result of a non-perturbative transformation from non-physical solutions of the Dirac equation, which satisfy exactly the PSS, to the physical ones. The PSS breaking term produces important, though qualitatively similar, effects on both states of a pseudospin-orbit doublet. The similarity of these effects increases with the number of nodes of the small component of the Dirac spinor of these states.
KeywordsDirac Equation Relativistic Formalism Small Component Breaking Term Dirac Spinor
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