Probing the strange quark condensate by di-electrons from φ-meson decays in heavy-ion collisions at SIS energies
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QCD sum rules predict that the change of the strange quark condensate 〈¯ss〉 in hadron matter at finite baryon density causes a shift of the peak position of the di-electron spectra from φ-meson decays. Due to the expansion of hadron matter in heavy-ion collisions, the φ peak suffers a smearing governed by the interval of density in the expanding fireball, which appears as an effective broadening of the di-electron spectrum in the φ region. The emerging broadening is sensitive to the in-medium change of 〈¯ss〉. This allows to probe directly in-medium modifications of 〈¯ss〉 via di-electron spectra in heavy-ion collisions at SIS energies with HADES.
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