Advertisement

Methodological approach for in situ spectroscopic analysis of modern reverse paintings on glass: A case study of Kreuzabnahme (1914/15) - an outstanding example by Carlo Mense

  • Simon StegerEmail author
  • Simone Bretz
  • Heike Stege
  • Oliver Hahn
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Focus Point on Scientific Research in Conservation Science

Abstract.

A non-invasive methodological approach has been carried out to identify the pigments and classify the binding media of the reverse painting on glass Kreuzabnahme (1914/15) by Carlo Mense. Mense was a member of the group Rhenish Expressionists around August Macke and got interested in the technique of painting on the reverse side of a glass panel. The studied painting indicates a remarkably painted reverse and front side, which creates a unique visual appearance of the glass. The applied non-invasive, spectroscopic approach includes X-ray fluorescence, VIS spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy. The measurements revealed inorganic pigments mixed with drying oil as binder. Together with common pigments, such as lead white, barium sulphate, bone black, cinnabar, chrome yellow, ochre, and viridian, an unusual additional material was found, strontium white.

References

  1. 1.
    G. Geiger, S. Bretz, Heinrich Campendonk, Die Hinterglasbilder (Wienand, Cologne, 2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Drenker-Nagels, Carlo Mense Sein Leben und sein Werk von 1909 bis 1939 (Kölnisches Stadtmuseum, Cologne, 1993)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Bretz, Hinterglasmalerei, die Farben leuchten so klar und rein. Maltechnik, Geschichte, Restaurierung (Klinkhardt & Biermann, München, 2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Carlesi, G. Bartolozzi, C. Cucci, V. Marchiafava, M. Picollo, Spectrochim. Acta A 104, 527 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Carlesi, G. Bartolozzi, C. Cucci, V. Marchiafava, M. Picollo, J. La Nasa, F. Di Girolamo, M. Dilillo, F. Modugno, I. Degano, M.P. Colombini, S. Legnaioli, G. Lorenzetti, V. Palleschi, Spectrochim. Acta A 168, 52 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Daveri, M. Malagodi, M. Vagnini, J. Anal. Methods Chem. 2018, 6595643 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Steger, H. Stege, S. Bretz, O. Hahn, Spectrochim. Acta A 195, 103 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R.L. Frost, J. Raman Spectrosc. 35, 153 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Bell, R.J.H. Clark, P.J. Gibbs, Spectrochim. Acta A 53, 2195 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.H.B. Hering, Weisse Farbmittel (Fürth, Nürnberg, 2000)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. Hermens, A. Wallert, in Conference Postprints of the Studying Old Master Paintings - Technology and Practice conference, London, 2011, edited by M. Spring, H. Howard, C. Christensen, S.Q. Lomax, M. Palmer, S. Wilcox (Archetype Publications, London, 2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Burgio, R.J.H. Clark, K. Theodoraki, Spectrochim. Acta A 59, 2371 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Calligaro, J.C. Dran, M. Klein, Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 504, 213 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    N. Eastaugh, V. Walsh, T. Chaplin, R. Siddal, Pigment Compendium A Dictionary of Historical Pigments (Elsevier, Oxford, 2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Lutzenberger, Küntstlerfarben im Wandel (Herbert Utz Verlag, München, 2009)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Monico, F. Rosi, C. Miliani, A. Daveri, B.G. Brunetti, Spectrochim. Acta A 116, 270 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    O. Chiantore, M. Lazzari, Polymer 42, 17 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    O. Chiantore, M. Lazzari, Int. J. Polym. Anal. Charact. 2, 395 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. Chércoles Asensio, M. San Andrés Moya, J.M. de la Roja, M. Gómez, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 395, 2081 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Steger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Simone Bretz
    • 2
  • Heike Stege
    • 3
  • Oliver Hahn
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Division 4.5BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Conservator for Reverse Paintings on GlassGarmisch-PartenkirchenGermany
  3. 3.Doerner Institut, Bayerische StaatsgemäldesammlungenMunichGermany
  4. 4.Centre for the Study of Manuscript CulturesUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations