Darcy-Forchheimer flow and heat transfer of water-based Cu nanoparticles in convergent/divergent channel subjected to particle shape effect

  • K. Ganesh KumarEmail author
  • Ali J. Chamkha
Regular Article


The current study provides a comprehensive numerical investigation of flow and heat transfer of water-based Cu nanoparticles over a convergent/divergent channel. In order to control the random motion of nanoparticles, Darcy-Forchheimer, particle shape effect and viscous dissipation are also incorporated for the present mechanism. The resulting system of nonlinear equations is solved numerically by using the RKF-45 method. Expressions for the velocity and temperature profile are derived and plotted under the assumption of a flow parameter. The influence of various parameters on surface drag force and heat transfer rates have been discussed with the help of tables and plots.


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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsSJM Institute of TechnologyChitradurgaIndia
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering Department, Prince Sultan Endowment for Energy and EnvironmentPrince Mohammad Bin Fahd UniversityAl-KhobarSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.RAK Research and Innovation CenterAmerican University of Ras Al KhaimahRas Al KhaimahUnited Arab Emirates

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