Heavy nuclei: Introduction to density functional theory and variations on the theme

  • Gianluca ColòEmail author
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Focus Point on Rewriting Nuclear Physics Textbooks: Basic Nuclear Interactions and Their Link to Nuclear Processes in the Cosmos and on Earth


Density Functional Theory (DFT) is based on the rigorous Hohenberg-Kohn (HK) theorem, that has been first introduced for electronic systems but holds for all fermionic systems including atomic nuclei. Currently, DFT has reached a high level of sophistication, and represents a suitable tool for a self-consistent, quantitative description of bulk nuclear properties (like masses, radii and deformations) of all nuclei except, perhaps, the lightest ones. Furthermore, time-dependent calculations within the same framework account for the observed properties of several different types of nuclear collective motion. In this paper, we introduce these topics by assuming only a previous knowledge of general quantum mechanics and of basic nuclear phenomenology (we actually review some parts of it).


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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità degli Studi di MilanoMilanoItaly
  2. 2.INFN, Sezione di MilanoMilanoItaly

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