Measurement of film permeability in 2D foams
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The coarsening of quasi-2D wet foams is well described theoretically by the model of Schimming and Durian, that takes into account the diffusion through the Plateau borders and the vertices in a rigorous manner. In this article, we describe an experimental study of coarsening in which the foam film permeability is measured in such quasi-2D wet foams. We first performed a full characterization of the structure of the studied foams. Then we measured the coarsening rates. It appears that, in these foams, the film thicknesses are still too small for the Plateau borders and the vertices to contribute, but the surface Plateau borders lead to a smaller coarsening rate compared to dry foams. This rate increases with capillary pressure and follows well the prediction of the model. We demonstrate the importance of working in controlled pressure conditions during permeability measurements. Indeed, permeability depends on film thickness itself depending on capillary pressure.