Correlation between thermophoretic behavior and hydrophilicity for various alcohols⋆
Recent experiments for various amides and sugars showed a clear correlation of the temperature dependence of the Soret coefficient with the hydrophilicity, quantitatively described by the logarithm of the 1-octanol/water partition coefficient log P . This coefficient is a measure for the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity balance of a solute and is often used to model the transport of a compound in the environment or to screen for potential pharmaceutical compounds. In order to validate whether this concept works also for other water soluble molecules we investigated systematically the thermophoresis of mono- and polyhydric alcohols. As experimental method we use a holographic grating technique called infrared Thermal Diffusion Forced Rayleigh Scattering (IR-TDFRS). Experiments showed that the temperature dependence of the Soret coefficient of polyhydric alcohols also correlates with log P and lies on the same master plot as amides and sugars.
KeywordsTopical issue: Thermal Non-Equilibrium Phenomena in Soft Matter
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