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Three-terminal normal-superconductor junction as thermal transistor

  • Gaomin TangEmail author
  • Jiebin Peng
  • Jian-Sheng Wang
Regular Article
  • 78 Downloads

Abstract

We propose a thermal transistor based on a three-terminal normal-superconductor junction with superconductor terminal acting as the base. The emergence of heat amplification is due to the negative differential thermal conductance (NDTC) effect for the NS diode in which the normal side maintains a higher temperature. The temperature dependent superconducting energy gap is responsible for the NDTC. By controlling quantum dot levels and their coupling strengths to the terminals, a huge heat amplification factor can be achieved. The setup offers an alternative tuning scheme of heat amplification factor and may find use in cryogenic applications.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Mesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNational University of SingaporeSingaporeRepublic of Singapore
  2. 2.Center for Phononics and Thermal Energy Science, China-EU Joint Center for Nanophononics, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Special Artificial Microstructure Materials and Technology, School of Physics Science and Engineering, Tongji UniversityShanghaiP.R. China

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