Theoretical investigation of the coexistence of superconductivity and spin density wave (SDW) in two-band model for the iron-based superconductor BaFe2(As1−xPx)2

  • Tsadik KidanemariamEmail author
  • Gebregziabher Kahsay
  • Alem Mebrahtu
Regular Article


This study focuses on the theoretical investigation of the coexistence of superconductivity and spin density wave (SDW) in a two-band model for the iron-based superconductor BaFe2(As1−xPx)2. By employing a system Hamiltonian in a two-band model for a given system and by using the double time temperature dependent Green’s function formalism at the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) mean field approximation (MFA) level, we obtained mathematical expressions for the dependence of superconducting transition temperature (TC) on SDW order parameter (ΔSDW) in the electron and hole intra-band interactions, and in the inter-band interactions for superconductor BaFe2(As1−xPx)2. Similarly, we have obtained an expression for the dependence of SDW transition temperature (TSDW) on the SDW order parameter (ΔSDW) for BaFe2(As1−xPx)2. By using experimental values and considering some plausible approximations of the parameters in the obtained expressions, phase diagrams of TC versus ΔSDW in the electron and hole intra-band interactions, and in the inter-band interactions are plotted for the BaFe2(As1−xPx)2 superconductor. Similarly, a phase diagram of TSDW versus ΔSDW is plotted for the same superconductor. By merging the two phase diagrams, we have demonstrated the possible coexistence of superconductivity and SDW in the electron and hole intra-band interactions, and in the inter-band interactions for BaFe2(As1−xPx)2. Furthermore, we have investigated the dependence of ΔSDW on temperature in pure SDW region and the phase diagram is plotted for the variation of ΔSDW with temperature for superconductor BaFe2(As1−xPx)2. Our findings are in agreement with previous experimental results.

Graphical abstract


Solid State and Materials 


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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsadik Kidanemariam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gebregziabher Kahsay
    • 2
  • Alem Mebrahtu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsAdigrat UniversityAdigratEthiopia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsCollege of Science, Bahir Dar UniversityBahir DarEthiopia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsMekelle UniversityMekelleEthiopia

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