Advertisement

Isomeric yield ratio of 196m, gAu in the 197Au(n, 2n) reaction with fast neutron based on the 9Be(p, n) reaction

  • Wooyoung Jang
  • Muhammad Zaman
  • Kwangsoo Kim
  • Nguyen Thi Hien
  • Haladhara Naik
  • Guinyun KimEmail author
Regular Article - Experimental Physics
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract.

The isomeric yield ratios (IR) of 196m, gAu in the 197Au(n, 2n) reaction at the average neutron energies (\( \langle E_{n}\rangle\)) of 14.4, 21.8 and 29.5 MeV have been measured by using the off-line gamma-ray spectrometric technique. The neutron beams were obtained by using the 9Be(p, n) reaction with the proton energies of 25, 35 and 45 MeV from the MC-50 cyclotron at KIRAMS. The IR values at different neutron energies were also calculated from the cross sections values based on TENDL-2017 library and are found to be in agreement around 10–18 MeV but not at higher energy. The IR values of 196m, gAu at the neutron energies of 21.8 and 29.5 MeV have been measured for the first time. The present data along with the literature data at other energies in the 197Au(n, 2n) reaction are compared with the similar data in the 197Au(\( \gamma\), n) reaction to examine the role of entrance channel parameters and occurrence of non-compound or pre-equilibrium process at higher projectile energy.

References

  1. 1.
    R. Vandenbosch, J.R. Huizenga, Nuclear Fission (Academic, New York, 1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Wagemans, The Nuclear Fission Process (CRC, London, 1990)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Naik, G.N. Kim, K. Kim, M. Zaman, M. Sahid, S.-C. Yang, M.W. Lee, Y.R. Kang, S.G. Shin, M.-H. Cho, A. Goswami, T.Y. Song, Eur. Phys. J. A 54, 117 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yu.P. Gangrsky, N.N. Kolesnikov, V.G. Lukashik, L.M. Melnikova, Phys. At. Nucl. 67, 1227 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    IAEA-EXFOR Database, http://www-nds.iaea.org/exfor
  6. 6.
    M. Nadeem, M. Zaman, H. Naik, K. Kim, G.N. Kim, M. Shahid, Nucl. Phys. A 970, 411 (2018)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Plaisir, F. Hannachi, F. Gobet, M. Tarisien, M.M. Aleonard, V. Meot, G. Gosselin, P. Morel, B. Morillon, Eur. Phys. J. A 48, 68 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.A. Sorokin, V.N. Ponomarev, in Proceedings of the 26th Conference on Nuclear Spectroscopy and Structure of Atomic Nuclei (Nauka, Leningrad, Russia, 1976) p.449 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.A. Sorokin, in Proceedings of the 28th Conference on Nuclear Spectroscopy and Structure of Atomic Nuclei, (Alma-Ata, Russia, 1978) p. 258Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.R. Palvanov, O. Razhabov, At. Energ. 87, 75 (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yu.P. Gangrsky, N.N. Kolesnikov, V.G. Lukashik, L.M. Melnikova, Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci. Phys. 67, 1772 (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    T.D. Thiep, T.T. An, N.T. Vinh, P.V. Cuong, A.G. Belov, O.D. Maslov, T.T.T. My, Phys. Part. Nucl. Lett. 3, 223 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    I.N. Vyshnevskyi, O.I. Davidovskaya, V.A. Zheltonozhsky, E.V. Kulich, A.N. Savrasov, N.V. Strilchuk, Yad. Fiz. Energ. 9, 37 (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Md.S. Rahman, K.S. Kim, M.W. Lee, G.N. Kim, Y.D. Oh, H.S. Lee, M.H. Cho, I.S. Ko, W. Namkung, V.D. Nguyen, D.K. Pham, T.T. Kim, T.I. Ro, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 283, 519 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Naik, G.N. Kim, K. Kim, M. Zaman, A. Goswami, M.W. Lee, S.-C. Yang, Y.-O. Lee, S.-G. Shin, M.-H. Cho, Nucl. Phys. A 948, 28 (2016)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A.A. Filatenkov, S.V. Chuvae, Experimental determination of cross sections for several insufficiently known neutron induced reaction on hevy nuclei $(Z=74-79)$, Khlopin Radiev. Inst., Leningrad Report No. RI-259 (2003)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A.A. Filatenkov, S.V. Chuvaev, V.N. Aksenov, V.A. Yakovlev, A.V. Malyshenkov, S.K. Vasil’ev, M. Avrigeanu, V. Avrigeanu, D.L. Smith, Y. Ikeda, A. Wallner, W. Kutschera, A. Priller, P. Steier, H. Vonach, G. Mertens, W. Rochow, Systematic measurement of cross sections at neutron energies 13.4--14.9MeV, Khlopin Radiev. Inst., Leningrad Report No. RI-252 (1999)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.K. Mangal, C.S. Khurana, Nucl. Phys. 69, 158 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S.K. Ghorai, K.C. Hayworth, J.R. Williams, W.L. Alford, Basic Appl. Phys. 29, 1117 (1984)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yu.P. Gangrsky, N.N. Kolesnikov, V.G. Lukashik, L.M. Melnikova, Phys. At. Nucl. 67, 1227 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yu.P. Gangrsky, N.N. Kolesnikov, V.G. Lukashik, L.M. Melnikova, Basic Appl. Sci. 68, 187 (2004)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    N. Bueget, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 146, 535 (1977)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    F.I. Habbani, I.A. Ahmed, Appl. Radiat. Isot. 51, 81 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    T.B. Ryves, P.K Olkowski, J. Phys. G 7, 115 (1981)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Karolyi, J. Csikai, G. Peto, Nucl. Phys. A 122, 234 (1968)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    G.N. Flerov, Yu.P. Gangrskiy, B.N. Markov, A.A. Pleve, S.M. Polikanov, K.H. Yungklaussen, Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 6, 12 (1968)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. Mou, L. Lin, Y. Chen, H. Guo, L. An, X. Wang, Y. Chen, Commun. Nucl. Data Prog. 27, 4 (2002)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D.M. Zellermayer, B. Rosner, Phys. Rev. C 6, 315 (1972)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. Tsinganis, M. Diakaki, M. Kokkoris, A. Lagoyannis, E. Mara, C.T. Papadopoulos, R. Vlastou, Phys. Rev. C 83, 024609 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Kalamara, R. Vlastou, M. Kokkoris, N.G. Nicolis, N. Patronis, M. Serris, V. Michalopoulou, A. Stamatopoulos, A. Lagoyannis, S. Harissopulos, Phys. Rev. C 97, 034615 (2018)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    P. Chudoba, A. Krasa, J. Vrzalova, O. Svoboda, S. Kilim, V. Wagner, M. Majerle, M. Stefanik, M. Suchopar, A. Kugler, M. Bielewicz, E. Strugalska-Gola, M. Szuta, Nucl. Sci. Eng. 191, 150 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Majerle, P. Bem, J. Novak, E. Simeckova, M. Stefanik, Nucl. Phys. A 953, 139 (2016)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    R.J. Prestwood, B.P. Bayhurst, Phys. Rev. 121, 1438 (1961)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    H.A. Tewes, A.A. Caretto, A.E. Miller, D.R. Nethaway, UCRL-6028-T (1960)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    S.H. John, W.M. Gregg, L.F. Michael, R.J. Michael, C.J. Russell, W.D. Joe, P.F. Joshua, B.P. Denise, S.W. Laurie, M.J. William, MCNPX 2.6.0, LANL Report LA-UR-08-2216, Los Alamos, (2008) http://mcnpx.lanl.gov/
  36. 36.
    Y. Uwamino, To-oru Ohkubo, A. Torii, T. Nakamura, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 271, 546 (1988)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    V. Rakopoulos, M. Lantz, P. Andersson, A. Hjalmarsson, A. Mattera, S. Pomp, A. Solders, J. Valldor-Blücher, D. Gorelov, H. Penttilä, EPJ Web of Conferences 66, 11032 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    NuDat 2.6, National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, updated 2011, available from http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/
  39. 39.
    S.Y.F. Chu, L.P. Ekstrom, R.B. Firestone, The Lund/LBNL, Nuclear Data Search, Version 2.0, February 1999, WWW Table of Radioactive Isotopes, available at http://nucleardata.nuclear.lu.se/toi/
  40. 40.
    A.J. Koning, D. Rochman, Nucl. Data Sheets 113, 2841 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wooyoung Jang
    • 1
  • Muhammad Zaman
    • 1
  • Kwangsoo Kim
    • 1
  • Nguyen Thi Hien
    • 1
  • Haladhara Naik
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guinyun Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsKyungpook National UniversityDaeguKorea
  2. 2.Radiochemistry DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CenterMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations