Advertisement

Review Journal of Chemistry

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 281–323 | Cite as

Determination of uric acid in blood

Article

Abstract

The review presents a chronological development of methods to determine the uric acid concentration in plasma, serum, and whole blood, based on various analytical methods such as spectrophotometry, spectrofluorimetry, chromatography, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, amperometry, and calorimetry. A brief overview of these methods and the results of comparative tests are given. It was noted that enzymatic and nonenzymatic spectrophotometric procedures to determine the uric acid concentration in plasma, serum, and whole blood are currently, the most widespread in small, medium, and large clinical diagnostic laboratories. In addition, a number of enzymatic spectrophotometric methods and chromatographic methods are used as expert procedures. Chromatography–mass spectrometry procedures are often applied to certify standard uric acid samples in blood serum. Enzymatic and nonenzymatic spectrofluorimetric procedures are mostly used in scientific biomedical research. Amperometric procedures to determine the uric acid concentration in blood are rarely used in modern clinical and diagnostic practice, and some nonenzymatic spectrophotometric and calorimetric procedures are actually not used.

Keywords

uric acid plasma serum blood measurement concentration procedure analysis clinical diagnostic laboratory 

References

  1. 1.
    Archibald, R.M., Clin. Chem., 1957, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 102.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alper, C. and Seitchik, J., Clin. Chem., 1957, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 95.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kanabrocki, E.L., Greco, J., Wilkoff, L., and Veach, R., Clin. Chem., 1957, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 156.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shapiro, B., Seligson, D., and Jessar, R., Clin. Chem., 1957, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 169.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hausman, E.R., Lewis, G.T., and McAnally, J.S., Clin. Chem., 1957, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 657.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sambhi, M.P. and Grollman, A., Clin. Chem., 1959, vol. 5, no. 6, p. 623.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    London, M. and Marymont, J.H., Clin. Chem., 1964, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 298.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Crowley, L.V., Clin. Chem., 1964, vol. 10, no. 9, p. 838.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Marymont, J.H. and London, M., Clin. Chem., 1964, vol. 10, no. 10, p. 937.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    O’Sullivan, J.B., Francis, J.O., and Kantor, N., Clin. Chem., 1965, vol. 11, no. 3, p. 427.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Caraway, W.T. and Marable, H., Clin. Chem., 1966, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 18.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Morgenstern, S., Flor, R.V., Kaufman, J.H., and Klein, B., Clin. Chem., 1966, vol. 12, no. 11, p. 748.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nishi, H.H., Clin. Chem., 1967, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 12.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    London, M. and Hums, M., Clin. Chem., 1967, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 132.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kanter, S.L., Clin. Chem., 1967, vol. 13, no. 5, p. 406.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Klein, B., Clin. Chem., 1967, vol. 13, no. 5, p. 426.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Laessig, R.H., Underwood, C.E., and Basteyns, B.J., Clin. Chem., 1967, vol. 13, no. 11, p. 985.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fales, F.W., Clin. Chem., 1968, vol. 14, no. 5, p. 449.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wheat, J.L., Clin. Chem., 1968, vol. 14, no. 7, p. 630.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Patel, C.P., Clin. Chem., 1968, vol. 14, no. 8, p. 764.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Simkin, P.A., Clin. Chem., 1970, vol. 16, no. 3, p. 191.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jung, D.H. and Parekh, A.C., Clin. Chem., 1970, vol. 16, no. 3, p. 247.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Carroll, J.J., Coburn, H., Douglass, R., and Babson, A.L., Clin. Chem., 1971, vol. 17, no. 3, p. 158.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bell, R. and Ray, R.A., Clin. Chem., 1971, vol. 17, no. 7, p. 644.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gochman, N. and Schmitz, J.M., Clin. Chem., 1971, vol. 17, no. 12, p. 1154.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tiffany, T.O., Jansen, J.M., Burtis, C.A., Overton, J.B., and Scott, C.D., Clin. Chem., 1972, vol. 18, no. 8, p. 829.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Klein, B. and Lucas, L.B., Clin. Chem., 1973, vol. 19, no. 1, p. 67.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kabasakalian, P., Kalliney, S., and Westcott, A., Clin. Chem., 1973, vol. 19, no. 5, p. 522.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Klein, B. and Sheehan, J., Clin. Chem., 1973, vol. 19, no. 5, p. 531.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lum, G. and Gambino, S.R., Clin. Chem., 1973, vol. 19, no. 10, p. 1184.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Morin, L.G., Clin. Chem., 1974, vol. 20, no. 1, p. 51.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Meites, S., Thompson, C., and Roach, R.W., Clin. Chem., 1974, vol. 20, no. 7, p. 790.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Pesce, M.A., Bodourian, S.H., and Nicholson, J.F., Clin. Chem., 1974, vol. 20, no. 9, p. 1231.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Nelson, J.W. and Batra, K.K., Clin. Chem., 1975, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 125.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Moorehead, W.R. and Kasper, L.M., Clin. Chem., 1975, vol. 21, no. 4, p. 641.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Slaunwhite, W.D., Pachla, L.A., Wenke, D.C., and Kissinger, P.T., Clin. Chem., 1975, vol. 21, no. 10, p. 1427.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Cross, R.E., Heintges, M.G., Savory, J., and Wentz, P.W., Clin. Chem., 1976, vol. 22, no. 4, p. 429.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kamoun, P., Lafourcade, G., and Jerome, H., Clin. Chem., 1976, vol. 22, no. 7, p. 964.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Rehak, N.N., Janes, G., and Young, D.S., Clin. Chem., 1977, vol. 23, no. 2, p. 195.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Liu, T.Z. and Khayam-Bashi, H., Clin. Chem., 1977, vol. 23, no. 3, p. 581.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    White, R.M., Cross, R.E., and Savory, J., Clin. Chem., 1977, vol. 23, no. 9, p. 1538.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Robertson, E.A., Sliva, C.A., and Young, D.S., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 1, p. 173.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Klose, S., Stoitz, M., Munz, E., and Portenhauser, R., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 2, p. 250.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Kiser, E.J., Johnson, G.F., and Witte, D.L., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 4, p. 536.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Trivedi, R.C., Rebar, L., Desai, K., and Stong, L.J., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 4, p. 562.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Morris, J., Collins, P., and Fass, L., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 7, p. 1289.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Lolekha, P.H., Chantarothipol, V., and Wongvibulsin, A., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 9, p. 1578.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Sundaram, P.V., Igloi, M.P., Wassermann, R., and Hinsch, W., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 10, p. 1813.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Haeckel, R., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 10, p. 1846.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Trivedi, R.C., Rebar, L., Berta, E., and Stong, L., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 11, p. 1908.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Kamoun, P. and Douay, O., Clin. Chem., 1978, vol. 24, no. 11, p. 2033.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Liu, T.Z., Clin. Chem., 1979, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 336.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Bartl, K., Brandhuber, M., and Ziegenhorn, J., Clin. Chem., 1979, vol. 25, no. 4, p. 619.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Mizon, J., Deroubaix, A., and Mizon-Capron, C., Clin. Chem., 1979, vol. 25, no. 6, p. 1184.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Neri, B., Clin. Chem., 1979, vol. 25, no. 6, p. 1185.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hande, K.R., Perini, F., Putterman, G., and Elin, R., Clin. Chem., 1979, vol. 25, no. 8, p. 1492.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Chirillo, R., Caenaro, G., Pavan, B., and Pin, A., Clin. Chem., 1979, vol. 25, no. 10, p. 1744.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Pachla, L.A. and Kissinger, P.T., Clin. Chem., 1979, vol. 25, no. 10, p. 1847.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Zoppi, F., Fenili, D., Marcovina, S., and Peracino, A., Clin. Chem., 1980, vol. 26, no. 1, p. 178.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Fossati, P., Prencipe, L., and Berti, G., Clin. Chem., 1980, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 227.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Green, D.J. and Perlman, R.L., Clin. Chem., 1980, vol. 26, no. 6, p. 796.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Wung, W.E. and Howell, S.B., Clin. Chem., 1980, vol. 26, no. 12, p. 1704.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Bierer, D.W. and Quebbemann, A.J., Clin. Chem., 1981, vol. 27, no. 5, p. 756.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Liu, T.Z. and Khayam-Bashi, H., Clin. Chem., 1981, vol. 27, no. 6, p. 1144.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Duncan, P.H., Gochman, N., Cooper, T., Smith, E., and Bayse, D., Clin. Chem., 1982, vol. 28, no. 2, p. 284.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Duncan, P., Gochman, N., Bayse, D., Burnett, R., Carey, N., Carter, R., Fellows, W.D., Garber, C., Kessler, G., McComb, R., Miller, W., Nast, P., Ryan, W., Schaffer, R., Tejeda, B., Vanderlinde, R., and Widdowson, G., Clin. Chem., 1982, vol. 28, no. 2, p. 291.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Ingebretsen, O.C., Borgen, J., and Farstad, M., Clin. Chem., 1982, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 496.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Nanji, A.A., Clin. Chem., 1982, vol. 28, no. 5, p. 1242.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Shull, B.C. and Cerins-Overbey, N., Clin. Chem., 1982, vol. 28, no. 9, p. 1992.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Elin, R.J., Johnson, E., and Chesler, R., Clin. Chem., 1982, vol. 28, no. 10, p. 2098.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Mira, M., Stewart, P.M., Gebski, V., Liewellyn-Jones, D., and Abraham, S.F., Clin. Chem., 1984, vol. 30, no. 3, p. 380.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Masson, P. and Lindahl, I., Clin. Chem., 1984, vol. 30, no. 3, p. 493.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Davidson, D.C., Garfield, H.J., and Maney, F., Clin. Chem., 1984, vol. 30, no. 4, p. 584.Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Dodds, J.M., Clin. Chem., 1984, vol. 30, no. 4, p. 585.Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Kroll, M.H., Hagengruher, C., Lindsey, H., and Elin, R.J., Clin. Chem., 1984, vol. 30, no. 7, p. 1273.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Zhiri, A., Houot, O., Wellman-Bednawska, M., and Siest, G., Clin. Chem., 1985, vol. 31, no. 1, p. 109.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Merdes, H., Rittersdorf, W., and Werner, W., Clin. Chem., 1985, vol. 31, no. 6, p. 921.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Andranovich, T. and Kelner, M.J., Clin. Chem., 1986, vol. 32, no. 1, p. 177.Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Dilena, B.A., Peake, M.J., Pardue, H.L., and Skoug, J.W., Clin. Chem., 1986, vol. 32, no. 3, p. 486.Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Spain, M.A. and Wu, A.H.B., Clin. Chem., 1986, vol. 32, no. 3, p. 518.Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Menon, R.K., Mikhallidis, D.P., Bell, J.L., Kernoff, P.B.A., and Dandona, P., Clin. Chem., 1986, vol. 32, no. 8, p. 1557.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Potter, J.L., Clin. Chem., 1987, vol. 33, no. 7, p. 1265.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Sakuma, R., Nishina, T., and Kitamura, M., Clin. Chem., 1987, vol. 33, no. 8, p. 1427.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Matheke, M.L., Kessler, G., and Chan, K.-M., Clin. Chem., 1987, vol. 33, no. 11, p. 2109.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Cattozzo, G., Franzini, C., Hubbuch, A., and Tritschier, W., Clin. Chem., 1988, vol. 34, no. 2, p. 414.Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Walker, F.B., Becker, D.M., Kowal-Neeley, B., and Krongaard, L.S., Clin. Chem., 1988, vol. 34, no. 5, p. 952.Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Ellerbe, P., Cohen, A., Weich, M.J., and White, E., Clin. Chem., 1988, vol. 34, no. 11, p. 2280.Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Tanaka, M. and Hama, M., Clin. Chem., 1988, vol. 34, no. 12, p. 2567.Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Leary, E.T. and Taylor, S.G., Clin. Chem., 1988, vol. 34, no. 12, p. 2581.Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Perez-Bendito, D., Gomez-Hens, A., Gutlerrez, M.C., and Anton, S., Clin. Chem., 1989, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 230–233.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Wen-Fang, B., Ming-Quing, Y., Ke-Huai, P., Liang-Zhong, L., Fang-Hua, C., and Hua, L., Clin. Chem., 1991, vol. 37, no. 6, p. 1138.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Aoki, Y., Ihara, H., Nakamura, H., Aoki, T., and Yoshida, M., Clin. Chem., 1992, vol. 38, no. 7, p. 1350.Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Stockl, D. and Reinauer, H., Clin. Chem., 1993, vol. 39, no. 6, p. 993.Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Thienpont, L.M., De Leenheer, A.P., Stockl, D., and Reinauer, H., Clin. Chem., 1993, vol. 39, no. 6, p. 1001.Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Beyne, P., Letteron, P., Herve, C., Roullet, J.-B., and Delacoux, E., Clin. Chem., 1996, vol. 42, no. 6, p. 988.Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Lim, E., Bennett, P., and Beilby, J., Clin. Chem., 2003, vol. 49, no. 8, p. 1417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Xinhua, D., Clin. Chem., 2006, vol. 52, no. 11, p. 2117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Stove, V., Wuyts, B., and Delanghe, J., Clin. Chem., 2007, vol. 53, no. 2, p. 369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Koenig, W. and Meisinger, C., Clin. Chem., 2008, vol. 54, no. 2, p. 231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Strasak, A., Ruttmann, E., Brant, L., Kelleher, C., Klenk, J., Concin, H., Diem, G., Pfeiffer, K., Ulmer, H., and the VHM&PP Study Group, Clin. Chem., 2008, vol. 54, no. 2, p. 273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Chien, K.-L., Chen, M.-F., Hsu, H.-C., Chang, W.-T., Su, T.-C., Lee, Y.-T., and Hu, F.B., Clin. Chem., 2008, vol. 54, no. 2, p. 310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Zhang, W., Sun, K., Yang, Y., Zhang, H., Hu, F.B., and Hui, R., Clin. Chem., 2009, vol. 55, no. 11, p. 2026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Fossati, P. and Prencipe, L., Clin. Chem., 2010, vol. 56, no. 5, p. 865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kompaniya Bezopasnost’MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations