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Arid Ecosystems

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 158–168 | Cite as

The present status and problems in the preservation of ungulate animal populations in the arid zones of Mongolia

  • Ya. Adiya
  • P. D. Gunin
  • G. Naranbaatar
  • G. Tsogtjargal
By the 45th Anniversary of the Russian–Mongolian Complex Biological Expedition
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Abstract

The present state of the wild ungulate populations (Mongolian gazelle, mountain sheep, Mongolian khulan, wild Bactrian camel, Mongolian saiga, and Przewalsky’s horse) in arid zones of Mongolia is considered. The dynamics of animal population sizes and the relative areas of their ranges within the nature reserves of Mongolia are presented. The nature reserve network of Mongolian arid zones is shown to be insufficient for the preservation of wild ungulates, especially for the goitered gazelle and Mongolian khulan. The major reasons for the reduction in the ranges of all ungulates include expansion of the mining industry, competition for resources with domesticated animals, and the increasing difficulty of access to watering places. Justification for the elaboration of ethical norms and ecological approaches to the reduction of poaching is given.

Keywords

Mongolia wild ungulates population size range protection 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ya. Adiya
    • 1
  • P. D. Gunin
    • 2
  • G. Naranbaatar
    • 1
  • G. Tsogtjargal
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of General and Experimental BiologyMongolian Academy of SciencesUlaanbaatarMongolia
  2. 2.Severtsov Institute of Problems of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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