Advertisement

Arid Ecosystems

, 1:184 | Cite as

Assessment of the present dynamics of fires in arid ecosystems by use of remote sensing data: The case of chernye zemli

  • M. Yu. Dubinin
  • A. A. Lushchekina
  • V. C. Radeloff
Applied Problems of Arid Lands Development

Abstract

The process of vegetation burning is an essential component in the dynamics of grassy arid ecosystems. An understanding of the impact of fires on various components of the arid ecosystem is required for scientific, environmental, and management tasks, and it should be assessed with a high spatial and temporal resolution. This paper presents a method and description of data to be used in such an assessment of fire dynamics. The spatiotemporal dynamics of fires in the Chernye Zemli area is described. It shows the abundance of fires, their high interannual variability, clusterization in a territory, and the dominance of large fires.

Keywords

arid ecosystems fires remote sensing Chernye Zemli 

References

  1. Arino, O., Piccolini, I., Kasischke, E., Siegert, F., Chuvieco, E., Martin, M.P., Li, Z., Fraser, R., Eva, H., Stroppiana, D., Pereira, J., Silva, J.M.N., Roy, D., and Barbosa, P.M. Methods of Mapping Burned Surfaces in Vegetation Fires, in Global and Regional Vegetation Fire Monitoring from Space: Planning a Coordinated International Effort, Ahern, F.J., Goldammer, J.G. and Justice, C.O., Eds., Netherlands: The Hague SPB Academic Publishing. 2001, pp. 227–255.Google Scholar
  2. Bowman, D., Zhang, Y., Walsh, A., and Williams, R.J., Experimental Comparison of Four Remote Sensing Techniques to Map Tropical Savanna Fire-Scars Using Landsat-TM Imagery, International Journal of Wildland Fire, 2003, no. 12, pp. 341–348.Google Scholar
  3. Brooks, M.L., D’Antonio, C.M., Richardson, D.M., Grace, J.B., Keeley, J.E., Di-Tomaso, J.M., Hobbs, R.J., Pellant, M., and Pyke, D., Effects of invasive alien plants on fire regimes, Bioscience, 2004, no. 54, pp. 677–688.Google Scholar
  4. Buvaev, D.A., Investigation of Steppe Fires Spread on the Territory of the Republic of Kalmykia According to the Distant Monitoring Data, Vestnik Kalmytskogo Instituta Sotsial.-Ekonom. i Pravovykh Issledovanii, 2002, no. 2, pp. 168–173.Google Scholar
  5. Carmona-Moreno, C., Belward, A., Malingreau, J.P., Hartley, A., Garcia-Alegre, M., Antonovskiy, M., Buchshtaber, V., and Pivovarov, V., Characterizing Interannual Variations in Global Fire Calendar Using Data from Earth Observing Satellites, Global Change Biology, 2005, no. 11, pp. 1537–1555.Google Scholar
  6. Dubinin, M., Potapov, P., Luschekina, A., and Radeloff, V.C., Reconstructing Long Time Series of Burned Areas in Arid Grasslands of Southern Russia by Satellite Remote Sensing, Remote Sensing of Environment, (in press).Google Scholar
  7. Greenville, A.C., Dickman, C.R., Wardle, G.M., and Letnic, M., The Fire History of an Arid Grassland: the Influence of Antecedent Rainfall and ENSO, International Journal of Wildland Fire, 2009, no. 18, pp. 631–639.Google Scholar
  8. Hawbaker, T.J., Radeloff, V.C., Syphard, A.D., Zhu, Z.L., and Stewart, S.I., Detection Rates of the MODIS Active Fire Product in the United States, Remote Sensing of Environment, 2008, no. 112, pp. 2656–2664.Google Scholar
  9. Hoelzel, N., Haub, C., Ingelfinger, M.P., Otte, A., and Pilipenko, V.N., The Return of the Steppe: Large-Scale Restoration of Degraded Land in Southern Russia During the Post-Soviet Era, Journal for Nature Conservation (Jena), 2002, no. 10, pp. 75–85.Google Scholar
  10. Ivanov, V.V., A Role of Forest Fires, Byulleten’ Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody, Otdel biologicheskii, 1952, vol. 57, issue 1, pp. 62–69.Google Scholar
  11. Justice, C.O., Giglio, L., Korontzi, S., Owens, J., Morisette, J.T., Roy, D., Descloitres, J., Alleaume, S., Petitcolin, F., and Kaufman, Y., The MODIS Fire Products, Remote Sensing of Environment, 2002, no. 83, pp. 244–262.Google Scholar
  12. Karta rastitel’nosti SSSR dlya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii, Mb. 1:4000000 (A Map of Flora USSR for High School, Scale 1:4000000), Moscow: GUGK SSSR, 1990.Google Scholar
  13. Knapp, P.A., Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Large Grassland Fires in the Intermountain West, USA, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 1998, no. 7, pp. 259–272.Google Scholar
  14. Koshkina, M., Wetlands and birds of Northern Kazakhstan, Presented at the Red-breasted Goose Conservation Workshop of Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan, Moscow, 2009.Google Scholar
  15. Kozlov, M.V., Pseudoreplications in Ecological Studies: A Problem Missed by Russian Scientists, Zhurn. Obshch. Biol., 2003, no. 64, pp. 292–307.Google Scholar
  16. Malysheva, G.S. and Malakhovskii, P.D., Fires and Their Influence on Flora of Dry Steppes, Botanicheskii Churnal, 2000, issue 85, pp. 96–103.Google Scholar
  17. Mashtykov, N.L. and Ochirova, N.N., Status of the Plant Cover of the Territory of Biosphere Reserve Cherny Zemli, in Ekologiya i prirodnaya sreda Kalmykii (Ecology and Nature Environment of Kalmykia), Elista: Izd. Dzhangar, 2005, pp. 23–30.Google Scholar
  18. Meyn, A., White, P.S., Buhk, C., and Jentsch, A., Environmental Drivers of Large, Infrequent Wildfires: the Emerging Conceptual Model, Progress in Physical Geography, 2007, no. 31, pp. 287–312.Google Scholar
  19. Oparin, M.L. and Oparina, O.S., Steppe Vegetation Dynamics Under Fires, Povolzhskii Ekologicheskii Zhurn., 2003, no. 2, pp. 158–171.Google Scholar
  20. Pallas, P.S., Zametki o puteshestvii v yuzhnye namestnichestva rossiiskoi imperii v 1793 i 1974 godakh. Tom pervyi (izbrannoe). Perevod c nemetskogo (Notes on Journey to the South Regions of Russian Empire in 1793 and 1794, First Volume (Selection), Translated from German), Astrakhan’: Izd.-Poligraf. Kompleks Volga, 2008, p. 300.Google Scholar
  21. Rodin, L.E., Pyrogenic Factor and Vegetation of Arid Zone, Botanicheskii Zhurn., 1981, issue 66, pp. 1673–1684.Google Scholar
  22. Shilova, S.A., Neronov, V.V., Kasatkin, M.V., Savinetskaya, L.E., and Chabovskii, A.V., Fires on the Present Stage of Development of Semi-Desert of the South of Russia, Uspekhi Sovremennoi Biologii, 2007, issue 127, pp. 372–386.Google Scholar
  23. Stohl, A., Berg, T., Burkhart, J.F., Fjaeraa, A.M., Forster, C., Herber, A., Hov, O., Lunder, C., McMillan, W.W., Oltmans, S., Shiobara, M., Simpson, D., Solberg, S., Stebel, K., Strom, J., Torseth, K., Treffeisen, R., Virkkunen, K., and Yttri, K.E., Arctic Smoke — Record High Air Pollution Levels in the European Arctic Due to Agricultural Fires in Eastern Europe in Spring 2006, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2007, no. 7, pp. 511–534.Google Scholar
  24. Van der Werf, G.R., Randerson, J.T., Giglio, L., Collatz, G.J., Kasibhatla, P.S., and Arellano, A.F., Interannual Variability in Global Biomass Burning Emissions from 1997 to 2004, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2006, no. 6, pp. 3423–3441.Google Scholar
  25. Warneke, C., Bahreini, R., Brioude, J., Brock, C.A., De Gouw, J.A., Fahey, D.W., Froyd, K.D., Holloway, J.S., Middlebrook, A., Miller, L., Montzka, S., Murphy, D.M., Peischl, J., Ryerson, T.B., Schwarz, J.P., Spackman, J.R., and Veres, P., Biomass Burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an Important Source for Haze Over the Alaskan Arctic in April 2008, Geophysical Research Letters, 2009, no. 36, p. 2813Google Scholar
  26. Zonn, S.V., Desertification of Natural Resources of Agriculture in Kalmykia During Last 70 Years and Prevention Measures, in Biota i prirodnaya sreda Kalmykii (Biota and Nature Environment of Kalmykia), Moscow, Elista: Izd. Korkis, 1995, pp. 12–52.Google Scholar
  27. Zwick, H.A. and Schill, J.G., Calmuc Tartary or Journey from Sarepta to Several Calmuc Hordes of the Astrakhan Government, London: Holdsworth and Ball, 1831, p. 262.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Yu. Dubinin
    • 1
  • A. A. Lushchekina
    • 2
  • V. C. Radeloff
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Issues of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations