Biology Bulletin Reviews

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 89–103 | Cite as

Variability of Indicators and Processes in a Long Structured Phylogenetical Branch of Angiosperms. Part 2. Berberidaceae and Ranunculaceae Chain Links

  • V. S. Chupov


The evolutionary process proceeding in the genomes of Berberidaceae and Ranunculaceae, two families of dicotyledonous angiosperms, was analyzed. Regular variation of the basic chromosome numbers and GC content of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-site of rDNA, as well as the chromosome number in the Berberidaceae family (13 → 10 → 8 → 7 → 6), were observed. It is possible that x = 6 can change independently of x = 10 changes. In the Ranunculaceae family, the sequence was 13 → 10 → 9 → 7 → 8. The GC content in rDNA in both families decreased from 71–75 to 46–52% in spacers and from 56 to less than 53% in the sequences encoding 5.8S rRNA. In Ranunculaceae, there is a secondary increase in the GC content in rDNA, followed by a further decrease in this parameter.


evolution long structured phylogenetic branch basic chromosome number rDNA GC-content Berberidaceae Ranunculaceae 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. APG III: an update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants, Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 2009, vol. 161, pp. 105–121.Google Scholar
  2. Bolkhovskikh, Z.V., Grif, V.G., Zakhar’eva, O.I., and Matveeva, T.S., Khromosomnye chisla tsvetkovykh rastenii (Chromosomal Number of Flowering Plants), Leningrad: Nauka, 1969.Google Scholar
  3. Buchheim, H., Reihe Ranunculaceae, in A. Engler’s Sillabus der Pflanzenfamilien. 12 Aufgabe, Melchior, H., Ed., Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 1964, pp. 131–146.Google Scholar
  4. Cai, Y.F., Li, S.W., Liu, Y., et al., Molecular phylogeny of Ranunculaceae based on internal transcribed spacer sequences, Afr. J. Biotechnol., 2009, vol. 8, pp. 5215–5224.Google Scholar
  5. Cai, Y.F., Li, S.W., Chen, M., et al., Molecular phylogeny of Ranunculaceae based on rbcL sequences, Biol. Sect. Bot., 2010, vol. 65, pp. 997–1003. doi 10.2478/s11756- 010-0105-8Google Scholar
  6. Chupov, V.S., Dynamics of chromosome number in long structured phylogenetic branch of monocotyledons: A general scheme of karyotype evolution, Biol. Bull. Rev., 2013, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 456–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chupov, V.S., The logical possibilities for construction of the evolutionary theory based on a creative agent, Materialy mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii “Sovremennye problemy evolyutsii i ekologii,” Ul’yanovsk, 6–8 aprelya 2015 g. (Proc. Int. Conf. “Modern Problems of Evolution and Ecology,” Ulyanovsk, April 6–8, 2015), Ulyanovsk: Ul’yanovsk. Gos. Pedagog. Univ., 2015, pp. 156–164.Google Scholar
  8. Chupov, V.S., Analysis of cryptaffine transition between the genera Berberis L. and Mahonia Nuttall (Berberidaceae, Angiospermae), Usp. Sovrem. Biol., 2016, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 70–82.Google Scholar
  9. Chupov, V.S., Variability of indices and processes in a long structured phylogenetic branch of angiosperms. Part 1. The general scheme, Usp. Sovrem. Biol., 2017, vol. 137, no. 4, pp. 341–360.Google Scholar
  10. Chupov, V.S. and Machs, E.M., Cryptaffine transition in phylogeny of angiosperms, Bot. Zh., 2013, vol. 98, pp. 665–689.Google Scholar
  11. Cronquist, A., An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants, New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1981. Damerval, C. and Nadot, S., Evolution of perianth and stamen characteristics with respect to floral symmetry in Ranunculales, Ann. Bot., 2007, vol. 100, pp. 631–640.Google Scholar
  12. Hoot, S.B., Phylogeny of the Ranunculaceae based on preliminary atpB, rbcL and 18S nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence data, Plant Syst. Evol., 1995, vol. 9, suppl., pp. 241–251.Google Scholar
  13. Hutchinson, J., The Families of Flowering Plants, Oxford: Clarendon, 1973. IPCN Chromosome reports. http://www.tropicos. org/Project/IPCN.Google Scholar
  14. Jensen, U., Serological legumin data and the phylogeny of the Ranunculaceae, Plant Syst. Evol., 1995, vol. 9, suppl., pp. 217–227.Google Scholar
  15. Johansen, J., A revised chloroplast DNA phylogeny of the Ranunculaceae, Plant Syst. Evol., 1995, vol. 9, suppl., pp. 253–261.Google Scholar
  16. Kim, M.-K., Kim, Y.-J., and Yang, D.-C., Authentication of Epimedii Herba and adulterant plants by multiplex PCR, submitted for publication in NCBI, 2012.Google Scholar
  17. Kim, Y.-D. and Jansen, R.K., Phylogenetic implications of rbcL and ITS sequence variation in the Berberidaceae, Syst. Bot., 1996, vol. 21, pp. 381–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kim, Y.-D. and Jansen, R.K., Chloroplast DNA restriction site variation and phylogeny of the Berberidaceae, Am. J. Bot., 1998, vol. 85, pp. 1766–1778.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Kim, Y.-D., Kim, S.-H., Kim, C.H., and Jansen, R.K., Phylogeny of Berberidaceae based on sequences of chloroplast gene ndhF, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, vol. 32, pp. 291–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lee, N.S., Sang, T., Crawford, D.J., et al., Molecular divergence between disjunct taxa in eastern Asia and eastern North America, Am. J. Bot., 1996, vol. 83, pp. 1373–1378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li, S. and Cai, Y., Phylogenetic relationschips and evolutionary traits in Thalictrum, submitted for publication in NCBI, 2008.Google Scholar
  22. Li, D.Z., Gao, L.M., Li, H.T., et al., Comparative analysis of a large dataset indicates that internal transcribed spacer (ITS) should be incorporated into the core barcode for seed plants, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2011, vol. 108, pp. 19641–19646.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Liu, J., Chen, Z., and Lu, A., Molecular evidence for the sister relationship of the species pair in the Podophyllum group (Berberidaceae), submitted for publication in NCBI, 2000.Google Scholar
  24. Loconte, H. and Ester, J.R., Phylogenetic systematics of Berberidaceae and Ranunculales (Magnoliidae), Syst. Bot., 1989, vol. 14, pp. 565–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Miyaji, L., Beitrage zur Chromosomenphylogenie der Berberidaceen, Planta, 1930, vol. 11, pp. 650–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nikolic, T., Numerical taxonomy of the Ranunculaceae, Plant Syst. Evol., 1995, vol. 9, pp. 281–282.Google Scholar
  27. Okada, H. and Tamura, M., Karyomorphology and relationship on the Ranunculaceae, J. Jpn. Bot., 1979, vol. 54, pp. 65–77.Google Scholar
  28. Sayers, E.W., Barrett, T., Benson, D.A., et al., Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information, Nucleic Acids Res., 2009, vol. 38, pp. D5–15.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. Shaw, J., The genus Podophillum, in The Genus Epimedium and Other Herbaceous Berberidaceae, Stearn, W.T., Ed., Kew: Timber Press, 2002, pp. 239–314.Google Scholar
  30. Soltis, D., Smit, S.A., Cellinest, N., et al., Angiosperm phylogeny: 17 genes, 640 taxa, Am. J. Bot., 2011, vol. 98, pp. 704–730.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Sun, Y., Fung, K.P., Leung, P.C., and Shaw, P.C., A phylogenetic analysis of Epimedium (Berberidaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 2005, vol. 35, pp. 287–291.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Takhtadzhan, A.L., Sistema magnoliofitov (A System of Magnoliophytes), Leningrad: Nauka, 1987.Google Scholar
  33. Takhtajan, A., Flowering Plants, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2009. Tamura, M., Taxonomic studies of the Ranunculaceae: report and prospect, Mem. School. B.O.S.T. Kinki Univ., 1997, no. 2, pp. 69–85.Google Scholar
  34. Thorne, F., A phylogenetic classification of the Angiospermae, Evol. Biol., 1976, vol. 9, pp. 35–106.Google Scholar
  35. Tobe, H. and Keating, R.C., The morphology and anatomy of Hydrastis (Ranunculaceae): systematic reevaluation of the genus, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo), 1985, vol. 98, pp. 291–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang, W., Li, R.-Q., and Chen, Z.-D., Systematic position of Asteropyrum (Ranunculaceae) inferred from chloroplast and nuclear sequences, Plant Syst. Evol., 2005, vol. 255, nos. 1–2, pp. 41–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wang, W., Chen, Z.-D., Liu, Y., Li, R.-Q., and Li, J.-H., Phylogenetic and biogeographic diversification of Berberidaceae in the northern hemisphere, Syst. Bot., 2007, vol. 32, pp. 731–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Xu, H., Wang, Z.T., and Hu, Z.B., rDNA/ITS sequencing of traditional Chinese medicines, submitted for publication in NCBI, 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Komarov Botanical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations