Biology Bulletin Reviews

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 306–317 | Cite as

Adjustable channel for diffusion between vacuoles of next cells: Vacuolar symplast

  • G. A. Velikanov
  • V. Yu. Levanov
  • L. P. Belova
  • A. A. Ponomareva
  • T. M. Il’ina


The problem of the existence of a continuous transcellular association of internal spaces of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and central vacuoles of next cells into a single system (vacuolar symplast) containing within the plastids and mitochondria in plant tissues is discussed. Based on the original experimental data obtained by NMR spectroscopy and electron microscopy, a device model of a vacuolar symplast is proposed. The model is based on the transport distributive function of the internal space of the ER and the ability of the ER membrane to form close contacts with the other membranes in cell. For these contacts, a qualitative analogy with highly permeable intercellular contacts in animals was preliminarily established.


endoplasmic reticulum internal space transport and distribution of assimilates metabolic processes intervacuolar connection vacuolar symplast 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Velikanov
    • 1
  • V. Yu. Levanov
    • 1
  • L. P. Belova
    • 1
  • A. A. Ponomareva
    • 1
  • T. M. Il’ina
    • 1
  1. 1.Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Kazan Research CenterRussian Academy of SciencesKazanRussia

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