Advertisement

Biological characteristics of strains in the Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex

  • A. L. Lazovskaya
  • Z. G. Vorobyeva
  • K. N. Slinina
Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

Some biological characteristics of organisms composing the Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex (MAC) are considered. Some subspecies of MAC organisms are characterized, and the most important risk factor for MAC infection in birds and mammals is revealed. The cultural-biochemical, serological, chemotaxonomic, and genotypic methods for the identification of MAC organisms are estimated. The wide distribution of MAC strains in the environment has been detected. Their new sources, such as water pipes, basins, washhouses, and others, have been found. The role of biofilms in the colonization of new surfaces by mycobacteria is presented, and their resistance to disinfectants and medications is revealed. A high pathogenicity of MAC organisms for immuno-compromised patients of various etiology is ascertained.

Keywords

biofilms mycobacteria environment 

References

  1. 1.
    Vorob’eva, Z.G., Stepanshina, V.N., Lazovskaya, A.L., and Slinina, K.N., in Nauchnye trudy GU NIVI NZ RF (Transactions of GU NIVI NZ RF), Nizhni Novgorod, 2004, p. 38.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gazokhromatograficheskii metod identifikatsii mikroorganizmov-vozbuditelei boleznei zhivotnykh (metodicheskie rekomendatsii) (Gas Chromatographic Method for Identification of Microorganisms-Causative Agents of Animal Diseases (Guidelines)), Nizhni Novgorod: GU NIVI NZ RF, 1993.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lazovskaya, A.L. and Blokhina, I.N., Patogennye i uslovno-patogennye mikobakterii (Pathogenic and Opportunistic Mycobacteria), Gorky, 1976.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lazovskaya, A.L., Smirnova, L.V., and Goncharova, T.V., in Profilaktika i lechenie zabolevanii skota v usloviyakh NZ (Prevention and Treatment of Diseases of Cattle in NZ), Gorky, 1990, p. 31.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lazovskaya, A.L., Vorob’eva, Z.G., Smirnova, L.V., and Goncharova, T.V., Usp. Sovrem. Biol., 1991, no. 1, p. 101.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lazovskaya, A.L., Probl. Tuberkuleza, 1991, no. 4, p. 18.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lazovskaya, A.L., Rachkova, O.F., and Tyrina, V.S., Problemy diagnostiki i lecheniya s/kh. Zhivotnykh v NZ (Problems of Diagnosis and Treatment of Agricultural Animals in NZ), 1992, p. 7.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lazovskaya, A.L., Vorob’eva, Z.G., and Slinina, K.N., Novoe dezinfitsiruyushchee sredstvo “Leseptik” (New Disinfectant Leseptik), Nizhni Novgorod, 2005.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lazovskaya, A.L., Vorob’eva, Z.G., Slinina, K.N., and Kul’chitskaya, M.A., Probl. Tuberk. Bol. Legkikh, 2007, no. 7, p. 25.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Makarova, M.V. and Freiman, G.E., Tuberk. Bol. Legkikh, 2009, no. 7, p. 55.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Otten, T.F. and Vasil’ev, A.V., Mikobakteriozy (Microbacterioses), St. Petersburg, 2005.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Boughton, E. and Bernstad, S., Zentrablatt für Veterinarmedizin Reine, 1974, vol. 21, p. 171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Butler, W. and Guthertz, L., Clin. Microbil. Rev., 2001, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Carter, G., Wu, M., Drummond, D., and Bermudes, L., J. Clin. Microbiol., 2003, vol. 3, no. 46, p. 1310.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dantec, C., Duquet, S., Monteil, A., Dumontier, N., Dubron, S., and Vincent, V., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2002, vol. 68, no. 3, p. 1025.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Davidson, P.T., Rev. Infect. Dis., 1981, no. 3, p. 813.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Falkinyam, S., Norton, Ch., and Le Chovallier, M., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2001, vol. 67, no. 3, p. 1225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Harris, N. and Barletta, R., Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 2001, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 489.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Inagaki, T., Nishimori, K., Vagi, T., Ichikava, K., Moriyama, M., Nakagawa, T., Shibayama, T., Nikai, T., and Ogawa, K., J. Clin. Microbiol., 2009, vol. 47, no. 7, p. 2156.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lazovskaya, A.L., Vorobyeva, Z.G., Slinina, K.N., and Kulchitskaya, M.A., Russ. Agricult. Sci., 2009, vol. 35, no. 1, p. 59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lepper, A. and Corner, L., London: Academic, 1989, vol. 2, p. 418.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    de Lisle, G., Surveillance, 1992, vol. 20, p. 24.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Matlova, L., Dvorska, L., Ayele, W., Bartos, M., and Pavlik, I., J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 1261.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mackenzie, N., Alexander, D., Turenne, Ch., Behr, M., and Debuck, J., J. Clin. Microbiol., 2009, vol. 47, no. 4, p. 1002.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Merkal, R.S., J. Amer. Vet. Assoc., 1973, vol. 163, p. 1100.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Meissner, P.S. and Falkenham, J., J. Infect. Dis., 1986, vol. 153, p. 325.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Reddy, V., Parikh, J., Luna-Herrera, J., Falkenham, J., and Brown, S., Microb. Pathol., 1994, vol. 16, p. 121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Schulze-Robbecke, R. and Fischeder, S., Zentbl. Hyg. Umweltmed., 1989, vol. 188, p. 385.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Schaefer, W., Amer. Rev. Resp. Dis., 1968, vol. 97, p. 18.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Thorel, M., Huchzermeyer, H., Weiss, R., and Fontaine, J., Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, vol. 40, p. 254.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Thorel, M., Huchzermeyer, H., Weiss, R., and Fontaine, J., Vet. Res., 1997, vol. 28, p. 439.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. L. Lazovskaya
    • 1
  • Z. G. Vorobyeva
    • 1
  • K. N. Slinina
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Veterinary Institute of the Nonchernozemic Zone of the Russian FederationRussian Academy of Agricultural SciencesNizhni NovgorodRussia

Personalised recommendations