Advertisement

Advances in Gerontology

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 58–63 | Cite as

A Model of Social Exclusion of Elderly People in Siberian Regions

  • S. G. Maximova
  • O. E. Noyanzina
  • D. A. Omelchenko
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

This paper presents the results of construction and approbation of a theoretical model for measuring social exclusion of the elder population in Siberian regions. This study is based on the results of a sociological survey (2016) in three Russian regions: Altai krai, Zabaikalskiy krai, and Kemerovo oblast (n = 779, aged 55 (women) and 60 (men) years and older). The theoretical model includes the following components: social and economic (material) deprivation, deprivation of social rights (access to social institutes and services), deprivation of security (a safe environment), deprivation of social participation, cultural (normative) disintegration, and social autism. These components and indicators are specific for the group of people at retirement age, which is a priori a group potentially at risk of social exclusion. Social exclusion, as a condition and situation of deprivation, can be estimated directly from the intensity of its components. The model has a one-sided effect; i.e., the intensity of one of the exclusion indices can lead to an increased intensity of social exclusion. Based on the operationalized components of social exclusion, the index of exclusion components and the total social-exclusion index for elderly people, including its regional correlations, were assessed. The results of a posteriori testing of the proposed model demonstrate a good correlation between theoretical and empirical models of social exclusion in elderly people.

Keywords

social exclusion elderly people model of social exclusion deprivation condition and situation of exclusion indicators components indices of social exclusion 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Anisimov, V.N. and Zharinov, G.M., Lifespan and longevity among representatives of creative professions, Adv. Gerontol., 2014, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 83–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bashkireva, A.S., Vylegzhanin, S.V., and Kachan, E.Yu., Urgent problems in social gerontology in modern Russia, Usp. Gerontol., 2016, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 379–386.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Grigoryeva, I.A. and Bikkulov, A.S., Aging, health, and active longevity: semantic context of references to them in social networks, Adv. Gerontol., 2015, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 315–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elyutina, M.E., Elderly people: attitude to death and tanatic anxiety, Sotsiol. Issled., 2015, no. 10, pp. 111–119.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Krasnova, O.V., Retirement and identity of women, Psikhol. Issled., 2014, vol. 7, no. 35, p. 6. http://psystudy. ru. Accessed May 24, 2017.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Maksimova, S.G., Noyaznina, O.E., Maksimova, M.M., and Shcheglova, D.K., Social exclusion of older persons: socio-economic aspects, Vestn. Altaisk. Gos. Agrar. Univ., 2015, no. 5 (127), pp. 180–184.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Maksimova, S.G., Omel’chenko, D.A., Avdeeva, G.S., et al., Empirical models of old age perception in the context of a new gerontological reality: a comparative analysis of the results of sociological research in four regions of Russia, Izv. Altaisk. Gos. Univ., 2012, no. 2-2 (74), pp. 242–245.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saponov, D.I. and Smol’kin, A.A., Social exclusion of the elderly people: the development of a measurement model, Monitoring, 2012, no. 5 (111), pp. 83–94.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Structural modeling in SPSS AMOS. http://moodle. herzen.spb.ru. Accessed October 29, 2016.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bonfatti, A., Celidoni, M., Weber, G., and Börsch-Supan, A., Coping with risks during the great recession, in Ageing in Europe—Supporting Policies for an Inclusive Society, Börsch-Supan, A., Kneip, T., Litwin, H., et al., Eds., Boston: De Gruyter, 2015, pp. 225–234.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dahlberg, L. and McKee, K.J., Correlates of social and emotional loneliness in older people: evidence from an English community study, Aging Mental Health, 2014, vol. 18, pp. 504–514.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Delfani, N., De Deken, J., and Dewilde, C., Poor because of low pensions or expensive housing? The combined impact of pension and housing systems on poverty among the elderly, Int. J. Hous. Policy, 2015, vol. 15, pp. 260–284.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hrast, M.F., Mrak, A.K., and Rakar, T., Social exclusion of elderly in Central and Eastern Europe, Int. J. Soc. Econ., 2013, vol. 40, pp. 971–989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hu, L. and Bentler, P.M., Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives, Struct. Equation Model., 1999, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kingston, P.W., The unfulfilled promise of cultural capital theory, Soc. Educ., 2001, vol. 74, pp. 88–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Milbourne, P. and Doheny, S., Older people and poverty in rural Britain: material hardships, cultural denials and social inclusions, J. Rural Stud., 2012, vol. 28, pp. 389–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Myck, M., Najsztub, M., and Oczkowska, M., Measuring social deprivation and social exclusion, in Ageing in Europe—Supporting Policies for an Inclusive Society, Börsch-Supan, A., Kneip, T., Litwin, H., et al., Eds., Boston: De Gruyter, 2015, pp. 67–78.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Najsztub, M., Bonfatti, A., and Duda, D., Material and social deprivation in the macroeconomic context, in Ageing in Europe—Supporting Policies for an Inclusive Society, Börsch-Supan, A., Kneip, T., Litwin, H., et al., Eds., Boston: De Gruyter, 2015, pp. 79–90.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ogg, J. and Renaut, S., Social inclusion of elders in families, in From Exclusion to Inclusion in Old Age: A Global Challenge, Scharf, T. and Keating, N., Eds., Bristol: Policy Press, 2012, pp. 89–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Popay, J., Escorel, S., Hernández, M., et al., Understanding and Tracking Social Exclusion: Final Report to the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health, Lancaster: Social Exclusion Knowledge Network, 2008, p. 207.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rozanova, J., Keating, N., and Eales, J., Unequal social engagement for older adults: constraints on choice, Can. J. Aging, 2012, vol. 31, pp. 25–36.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Scharf, T. and Keating, N., Social exclusion in later life: a global challenge, in From Exclusion to Inclusion in Old Age: A Global Challenge, Scharf, T. and Keating, N., Eds., Bristol: Policy Press, 2012, pp. 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Serrat, R., Villar, F., and Celdrán, M., Factors associated with Spanish older people’s membership in political organizations: the role of active aging activities, Eur. J. Ageing, 2015, vol. 12, pp. 239–247.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Victor, C.R. and Bowling, A., A longitudinal analysis of loneliness among older people in Great Britain, J. Psychol., 2012, vol. 146, pp. 313–331.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Walsh, K., Scharf, T., and Keating, N., Social exclusion of older persons: a scoping review and conceptual framework, Eur. J. Ageing, 2017, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 81–98.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Walsh, K., Interrogating the ‘age-friendly community’ in austerity: myths, realties and the influence of place context, in Ageing Through Austerity: Critical Perspectives from Ireland, Walsh, K., Carney, G., and Léime, A.N., Eds., Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, pp. 79–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Warburton, J., Cowan, S., Winterton, R., et al., Building social inclusion for rural older people using information and communication technologies: perspectives of rural practitioners, Aust. Soc. Work., 2014, vol. 67, pp. 479–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Maximova
    • 1
  • O. E. Noyanzina
    • 1
  • D. A. Omelchenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Altai State UniversityBarnaulRussia

Personalised recommendations