Advances in Gerontology

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 277–282 | Cite as

Psychophysiological markers of accelerated aging in working-age people exposed to occupational hazards. Communication I. Age-related changes in short-term memory

  • A. S. Bashkireva
  • Ye. Yu. Kachan
  • M. E. Kulapina


The significance of psychophysiological markers for the accelerated aging of short-term memory is assessed by comparative analysis of two occupational groups in order to determine the relative impact of job specifics on the state of mental working capacity. The specific features of the systemic structure of functions determining mental working capacity that depend on the age and length of employment in the surveyed groups are identified. It is shown that mnemonic functions are subject with increasing age and length of employment to quantitative and qualitative changes that are expressed in a reduction in the amount of memorized material, a slowed memorization process, and a reinforced downward trend of memorization accuracy. It has been established that premature age-related changes in the values of psychophysiological indicators among truck drivers are “risk indicators,” and long driving experience is a real risk factor accelerating the aging process.


mental working capacity age-related changes short-term memory occupational hazards (risks) accelerated aging truck drivers professional longevity 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Bashkireva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ye. Yu. Kachan
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. E. Kulapina
    • 4
  1. 1.Albrecht St. Petersburg Scientific and Practical Center of Medical and Social ExpertiseProsthetics, and Rehabilitation of Disabled PersonsSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Professional Longevity Research and Innovation CenterSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.St. Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and GerontologySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Kazan International AirportOJSCKazan, Republic of TatarstanRussia

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