Advertisement

Advances in Gerontology

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 277–282 | Cite as

Psychophysiological markers of accelerated aging in working-age people exposed to occupational hazards. Communication I. Age-related changes in short-term memory

  • A. S. Bashkireva
  • Ye. Yu. Kachan
  • M. E. Kulapina
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

The significance of psychophysiological markers for the accelerated aging of short-term memory is assessed by comparative analysis of two occupational groups in order to determine the relative impact of job specifics on the state of mental working capacity. The specific features of the systemic structure of functions determining mental working capacity that depend on the age and length of employment in the surveyed groups are identified. It is shown that mnemonic functions are subject with increasing age and length of employment to quantitative and qualitative changes that are expressed in a reduction in the amount of memorized material, a slowed memorization process, and a reinforced downward trend of memorization accuracy. It has been established that premature age-related changes in the values of psychophysiological indicators among truck drivers are “risk indicators,” and long driving experience is a real risk factor accelerating the aging process.

Keywords

mental working capacity age-related changes short-term memory occupational hazards (risks) accelerated aging truck drivers professional longevity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bashkireva, A.S., The effect of biological age on professional work capacity: report II. Biological age and physical work ability, Hum. Physiol., 2002, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 591–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bashkireva, A.S., Demographic and occupational risks of depopulation of the people labor forces in Russia: analytical review, Usp. Gerontol., 2010, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 30–39.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bashkireva, A.S., The use of model of biological age and parameters of mental work capacity for assessment of accelerated aging of the drivers, Usp. Gerontol., 2012, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 448–455.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bashkireva, A.S., Evaluation of accelerated aging of commercial drivers on model of biological age based on parameters of physical work ability, Adv. Gerontol., 2013, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 236–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bashkireva, A.S. and Khavinson, V.Kh., Influence of biological age on professional efficiency: communication I. Biological age and mental efficiency, Hum. Physiol., 2001, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 353–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bashkireva, A.S. and Khavinson, V.Kh., Occupational risk of accelerated aging of the lorry drivers, Med. Truda Prom. Ekol., 2007, no. 11, pp. 13–21.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Belozerova, L.M., Ontogenetic determination of the human biological age, Usp. Gerontol., 1999, no. 3, pp. 143–149.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Man’kovskii, N.B., Belonog, R.P., Litovchenko, S.V., and Karaban’, I.N., Vysshaya nervnaya deyatel’nost’ i bioelektricheskaya aktivnost’ golovnogo mozga (The Higher Nervous Activity and Bioelectric Activity of the Brain), Leningrad: Nauka, 1982, pp. 383–399.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Navakatikyan, A.O. and Kryzhanovskaya, V.V., Vozrastnaya rabotosposobnost’ lits umstvennogo truda (Age-Dependent Workability of the People of Mental Work), Kyiv: Zdorov’ya, 1979.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Frol’kis, V.V., Starenie mozga (Aging of the Brain), Leningrad: Nauka, 1991.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aging and Working Capacity, Reports of a WHO Study Group, WHO Technical Report Series 835, Geneva, 1993, p. 74.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cantor, J. and Engle, R.W., Working-memory capacity as long-term memory activation: an individual-differences approach, J. Exp. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cognit., 1993, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1101–1114.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hultsch, D.F., Hertzog, C., and Dixon, R.A., Age differences in memory: resolving the inconsistencies, Can. J. Psychol., 1987, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 193–208.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rosch, P.J., Stress and memory loss: some speculations and solutions, Stress Med., 1997, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Bashkireva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ye. Yu. Kachan
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. E. Kulapina
    • 4
  1. 1.Albrecht St. Petersburg Scientific and Practical Center of Medical and Social ExpertiseProsthetics, and Rehabilitation of Disabled PersonsSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Professional Longevity Research and Innovation CenterSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.St. Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and GerontologySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Kazan International AirportOJSCKazan, Republic of TatarstanRussia

Personalised recommendations