Inorganic Materials: Applied Research

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 85–90 | Cite as

Influence of nanoparticles of cesium sulfate and deformation on structure, vibration spectra, and luminescence of polystyrene

  • A. P. Pokidov
  • N. V. Klassen
  • V. V. Kedrov
  • I. M. Shmytko
  • A. V. Bazhenov
  • T. N. Fursova


Significant changes in infrared absorption spectra of polystyrene upon the addition of cesium sulfate nanoparticles to it are observed, which is due to two variants of attachment of organic molecules to nanoparticles (through hydrogen and pi bonds). The relation between the bonds changes significantly during deformation of polystyrene/cesium sulfate composite owing to differences in the mechanical strength thereof. In its turn, the differences in atomic and electronic bond structures result in a significant differentiation of their influence on light emission processes, making it possible to control the scintillation characteristics of polystyrene/nanoparticle composites via regulating their composition and morphology.


polymers composites nanoparticles X-ray irradiation deformation complexation hydrogen bonds radiation resistance luminescence ordering 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Trofimov, N.N., Kanovich, M.Z., Kartashov, E.M., Natrusov, V.I., Ponomarenko, A.T., Shevchenko, V.G., Sokolov, V.I., and Simonov-Emel’yanov, I.D., Fizika kompozitsionnykh materialov (Physics of Composition Materials), Moscow: Mir, 2005, vol. 1.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Optimization of Polymer Nanocomposite Properties, Mittol, V., Ed., Weinheim: WILEY-VCH, 2010.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pomogailo, A.D., Rozenberg, A.S., and Uflyand, F.S., Nanochastitsy metallov v polimerakh (Metal Nanoparticles in Polymers), Moscow: Khimiya, 2000.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Colvin, V., Shlamp, M.C., and Alivisatos, A.P., Lightemitting diodes made from cadmium selenidenanocrystals and a semiconducting polymer, Nature, 1994, vol. 370, pp. 354–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Aleksandrova, E.L., Lebedev, E.A., Konstantinova, N.N., and Aleshin, A.N., Switching effects in composite films based on the conjugated polymer polyfluorene and ZnO nanoparticles, Phys. Solid State, 2010, vol. 52, pp. 422–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Aleshin, A.N. and Aleksandrova, E.L., Switching and memory effects governed by the hopping mechanism of charge carrier transfer in composite films based on conducting polymers and inorganic nanoparticles, Phys. Solid State, 2008, vol. 50, pp. 1978–1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Oleinikov, V.A., Sukhanova, A.V., and Nabiev, I.R., Fluorescent semiconductor crystals in biology and medicine, Ross. Nanotekhnol., 2007, vol. 2 (1), pp. 160–172.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Godovsky, D.Yu., Electron behavior and magnetic properties of polymer-nanocomposites, Adv. Polym. Sci., 1995, vol. 119, pp. 79–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Godovskii, D.Yu., Electrophysical and optical properties of polymer nanocomposites and nanoheterogenic polymer mixtures, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Phys.-Mat.) Dissertation, Moscow: 2011.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Juzenas, P. Chen, W., Sun, Y.P., Coelho, M.A.N., Generalov, R., Generalova, N., and Christensen, I.L., Quantum dots and nanoparticles for photodynamic and radiation therapies of cancer, Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev., 2008, vol. 60 (5), pp. 1600–1614. DOI: 10.1016/j.addr.2008.08.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shmurak, S.Z., Kedrov, V.V., Klassen, N.V., and Shakhrai, O.A., Spectroscopy of composite scintillators, Phys. Solid State, 2012, vol. 54 (11), pp. 2266–2276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shmurak, S.Z., Kedrov, V.V., Klassen, N.V., and Shakhrai, O.A., Pulsed X-ray luminescence of composites consisting of inorganic particles and organic phosphors, Tech. Phys. Lett., 2012, vol. 38 (8), pp. 691–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shakhrai, O.A., Peculiarities of X-ray luminescence of composites from inorganic and organic scincillators, Extended Abstract of Candidate Sci. (Phys.-Math.) Dissertation, Chernogolovka, 2011.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pokidov, A.P., Klassen, N.V., Kedrov, V.V., and Shmyt’ko, I.M., Features of deformation behavior of polystirol composite with filler from cesium sulphate at ultraviolet and X-ray radiation, Materialovedenie, 2015, No. 7, pp. 43–52.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Agranovich, V.M. and Galanin, M.D., Perenos energii elektronnogo vozbuzhdeniya v kondensirovannykh sredakh (Electronic Excitattion Energy Transfer in Condensed Media), Moscow: Nauka, 1978.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kaush, G., Razrushenie polimerov (Fracture of Polymers), Moscow: Mir, 1981.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bartenev, G.M. and Zelenev, Yu.V., Fizika i mekhanika polimerov (Physics and Mechanics of Polymers), Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 1983.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liang, C.Y. and Krimm, S., Infrared spectra of high polymers. VI. Polystyrene, J. Polym. Sci., 1958, vol. 27, pp. 241–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ryzhenkov, A.V., Klassen, N.V., and Masalov, V.M., Features of structure and properties of biopolymer composites with inorganic nanoparticles, Inorg. Mater.: Appl. Res., 2014, vol. 5 (4), pp. 312–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Dyatlova, N.M., Temkina, V.Ya., and Popov, K.I., Kompleksony i kompleksonaty metallov (Complexons and Complexonates of Metals), Moscow: Khimiya, 1988.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Abakumov, V.N., Perel’, V.I., and Yassievich, I.N., Bezyzluchatel’naya rekombinatsiya v poluprovodnikakh (Radiationless Recombination in Semiconductors), St. Petersburg: Izd-vo PIYaF RAN, 1997.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Konstantinova, E.A., Ryabchikov, Yu.V., Osminkina, L.A., Vorontsov, A.S., and Kashkarov, P.K., Effect of adsorption of the donor and acceptor molecules at the surface of porous silicon on the recombination properties of silicon nanoparticles, Semiconductors, 2004, vol. 38 (11), pp. 1344–1349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. Pokidov
    • 1
  • N. V. Klassen
    • 1
  • V. V. Kedrov
    • 1
  • I. M. Shmytko
    • 1
  • A. V. Bazhenov
    • 1
  • T. N. Fursova
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Solid State PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovkaRussia

Personalised recommendations