Hydrocracking of Vacuum Gasoil on NiMo/AAS-Al2O3 Catalysts Prepared from Citric Acid: Effect of the Catalyst Heat Treatment Temperature
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Ni-Mo bimetallic catalysts are prepared by impregnating a carrier containing amorphous aluminosilicate (AAS) and aluminum oxide using a solution with Ni, Mo, and citric acid. The temperature of the catalysts ranges from 120 to 550°С. The physicochemical properties of the catalysts are studied via XPS, TEM, and HCNS analysis, and they are tested in hydrocracking of vacuum gasoil. The particles of the sulfide active component (NiMoS phase) are localized predominantly on surfaces of aluminum oxide, and only some are on surfaces of AAS. When the temperature of catalyst calcination is raised, the average number of the layers in particles of the NiMoS phase grows as well, due to the removal of citric acid. This indicates strengthening of the interaction between the sulfide active component and aluminum oxide. The content of Ni-Mo massive sulfide particles also grows along with the temperature of calcination. The morphological characteristics of the sulfide active component affect the activity of the catalysts in hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation, but not in hydrocracking. The optimum heat treatment temperature for NiMo/AAS-Al2O3 catalysts prepared with citric acid is 120°C. Recommendations are given for the heat treatment of catalysts under industrial conditions.
Keywordshydrocracking diesel fraction catalyst amorphous aluminosilicate citric acid
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