Catalysis in Industry

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 148–155 | Cite as

Catalytic oxidation of natural gas using flameless burners of a new design

  • D. L. Astanovsky
  • L. Z. Astanovsky
  • P. V. Kustov
Engineering Problems


Various aspects of operating burners traditionally used for oxidizing gaseous hydrocarbons and heat exchangers used for heat recovery are considered. A method developed by FAST ENGINEERING LTD. for the efficient burning of fuel with deep heat recovery of waste gases while maintaining a given adiabatic temperature is described. The method is based on using a flameless burner and heat exchangers of a new design. Burner operation is tested on an experimental stand with determination of the dependences for the aerodynamic drag of a granular layer and the content of unburned hydrocarbons, CO, and NO x in combustion products on the consumption of the fuel-air mixture and the adiabatic temperature of fuel combustion. The described method for burning fuel is shown to provide the desired temperature of combustion products for a consumer of heat energy and to reduce the consumption of fuel by 5–20%. Burning fuel at an adiabatic combustion temperature of no more than 1200°C virtually eliminates the CO and NO x content in the combustion products. Designed flameless burner, new generation of heat exchangers, and technology for the efficient burning of fuel can be applied to vapor and water-heating boilers, gas turbines, and catalytic reactors to produce synthesis gas from natural gas for processing into hydrogen, ammonia, methanol, synthetic liquid hydrocarbons, and so on.


oxidation of gaseous hydrocarbons catalytic reactor flameless burner adiabatic combustion temperature radial spiral type heat exchangers heat recovery energy conservation environmental safety 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Vintovkin, A.A., Ladygichev, M.G., Gusovskii, V.L., and Kalinova, T.V., Gorelochnye ustroistva promyshlennykh pechei i topok (Konstruktsii i tekhnicheskie kharakteristiki): Spravochnik (Burner Devices of Industrial Furnaces and Fire Chambers: Construction and Technical Characteristics. Handbook), Moscow: Intermet Inzhiniring, 1999.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Spravochnik azotchika: Fiziko-khimicheskie svoistva gazov i zhidkostei. Proizvodstvo tekhnologicheskikh gazov. Ochistka tekhnologicheskikh gazov. Sintez ammiaka. (Handbook for Nitrogen Enginer: Physicochemical Properties of Gases and Liquids. Production of Process Gases. Process Gas Cleaning. Ammonia Synthesis), Moscow: Khimiya, 1986.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rayak, M.B., Berner, G.Ya., and Kinker, M.G., Nov. Teplosnab., 2011, no. 11, pp. 31–39.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Leicher, J., Giese, A., Gorner, K., Scherer, V., and Schulzke, T., A flexible burner system for use of low calorific gases in micro gas turbines, Conference “Heat processes and refractory materials in industry”, Energy saving systems of burning, Dusseldorf, 2011.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Brainin, B.I., Vedeshkin, G.K., Gol’tsev, A.V., Evstigneev, A.A., Zakharov, V.M., Kotel’nikov, Yu.L., Solonin, V.I., Favorskii, O.N., Khritov, K.M., and Ismagilov, Z.R., Gasoturb. Tekhnol., 2010, no. 8. pp. 2–6.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dobryakov, T.S., Migai, V.K., Nazarenko, V.S., Nadyrov, I.I., and Fedorov, I.I., Vozdukhopodogrevateli kotel’nykh ustanovok (Air-Heaters for Boiler Plants), Leningrad: Energiya, 1977.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Astanovsky, L.Z. and Astanovsky, D.L., Effective fuel burning in gas turbine plants, Trudy III mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii “Aircraft engines of XXI” (Proc. III Int. Conf. “Aircraft engines of XXI”), Moscow: TsIAM, 2010.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Astanovsky, D.L. and Astanovsky, L.Z., Khim. Neftegaz. Mashinostr-e, 2012, no. 3, pp. 19–22.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Astanovsky, D.L. and Astanovsky, L.Z., Khim. Techn., 2005, no. 10, pp. 10–13.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Astanovsky, D.L. and Astanovsky, L.Z., Therm. Eng., 2007, vol. 54, no. 7, p. 558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    RF Patent 2347977, 2007.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. L. Astanovsky
    • 1
  • L. Z. Astanovsky
    • 1
  • P. V. Kustov
    • 1
  1. 1.FAST ENGINEERING LTD.MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations