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Catalysis in Industry

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 358–369 | Cite as

Opening of the rings of aromatic and naphthene hydrocarbons: A new way of improving the quality of fuels

  • L. M. Kustov
General Review

Abstract

In recent years, the opening of the rings of aromatic and naphthene hydrocarbons has been considered as a way way of improving the quality of motor fuels. In gasolines, the opening of monocyclic compounds like di- and trialkylcyclohexanes allows the synthesis of high-octane components (C7–C10 iso-paraffins). In diesel fuels containing considerable amounts of bi- and trinuclear polycyclic compounds such as derivatives of naphthalene (decaline), phenanthrene, and indane, this allows the synthesis of monocyclic compounds and alkanes, thus leading to a reduction in the freezing temperature of the fuel and, when obtaining predominantly linear alkanes, to an increase in the cetane number. In this work, we conduct a brief analysis of accumulated data on the opening of cyclic compounds on oxide and zeolite supported catalysts.

Keywords

aromatic hydrocarbons catalysts polycyclic naphthenes cetane number 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. M. Kustov
    • 1
  1. 1.Zelinskii Institute of Organic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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