Titanium-magnesium catalysts for propylene polymerization: The effect of donors
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The chain transfer reaction with hydrogen at propylene polymerization over Ti-Mg catalysts (TMCs) of composition TiCl4/D1/MgCl2-AlEt3/D2 is studied in a wide hydrogen concentration range. A two-step mechanism of this reaction is suggested. This mechanism accounts for the fractional order of the reaction with respect to hydrogen concentration. Constants of chain transfer reaction with hydrogen are determined for TMC with different donors: 1,3-diether or dibutyl phthalate as D1 and tetraethoxysilane or dicyclopentyldimethoxysilane as D2. In propylene polymerization over the TMCs, the length of the polymer chain is mainly determined by the ratio of the propylene and hydrogen concentrations because the propagation and chain transfer rate constants are comparable. The rate constant of chain transfer with hydrogen at ethylene polymerization is significantly (more than one order of magnitude) less, and higher hydrogen concentrations are required for attaining the same degree of polymerization. The results of this study might be helpful in simulation of industrial polymerization processes and in control of the polymer molar mass.
Keywordssupported Ziegler-Natta catalysts Ti-Mg catalysts with electron donors propylene polymerization chain transfer with hydrogen molar mass of polypropylene
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