Nanostructured catalytic membrane reactors of the new generation
- 77 Downloads
Studied in this work were the industrially important processes (partial oxidation of methane, oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde, reduction of oxygen in aqueous media, oxidation of CO to CO2) involving the use of nanostructured catalytic membrane reactors of the new generation. The membrane reactors were prepared according to various methods: sol-gel, molecular layering, magnetron sputtering, chemical deposition, etc. Subject to study were also the structure of the catalytic membranes and the kinetics of the reactions occurring in the gaseous and liquid phases. It was demonstrated that the deposition of a nanostructured catalytic layer to nonselective porous membranes could give rise to, or enhance, the selectivity of both their gas permeability and catalytic activity. In the case of the application of hybrid membranes, an “asymmetry effect” was discovered and explained. Some of the membranes studied can be considered as specific nanoreactors.
KeywordsMolecular Layering Composite Membrane Magnetron Sputtering Oxidative Dehydrogenation Membrane Reactor
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 3.Tereshchenko, G.F., Orekhova, N.V., and Ermilova, M.M., Membrany, 2007, vol. 33, p. 4.Google Scholar
- 8.Malygin, A.A., Zh. Prikl. Khim., 1996, vol. 69, p. 1419.Google Scholar
- 9.Malygin, A.A., Ermilova, M.M., Gryaznov, V.M., et al., Desalination, 2002, vol. 87, p. 144.Google Scholar
- 10.Pall Schumacher Unwelt and Trenntechnik GmbH, www.schumacher.filters.de
- 12.Sukhanov, M.V., Ermilova, M.M., Orekhova, N.V., et al., Zh. Prikl. Khim., 2006, vol. 79, no. 4, p. 622.Google Scholar
- 13.Ermilova, M.M., Gryaznov, V.M., Orekhova, N.V., et al., Materialy Vtoroi Vserossiiskoi Konferentsii “Khimiya poverkhnosti i nanotekhnologiya”. (Proc. 2nd All-Union Conf. “Surface Chemistry and Nanotechnology”), St. Petersburg-Khilovo, 2002, p. 38.Google Scholar
- 15.DeSilva, S.G., EP Patent 0 145 262, 1985.Google Scholar
- 16.Van der Vaart, R., Elizarova, A.V., Volkov, V.V., Lebedeva, V.I., and Gryaznov, V.M, NL Patent 1 023 364, 2004.Google Scholar
- 19.MEMBRANA Underlining Performance, www.membrana.com.
- 20.Petrova, I.V., Lebedeva, V.I., Volkov, V.V. et al., Proc. 8th Int. Conf. On Catalysis in Membrane Reactors, Kolkata, 2007, p. 68.Google Scholar
- 21.Hwang, S.T., Kammermeyer, K., Membranes in Separations, New York: Wiley, 1975.Google Scholar
- 22.Vilani, S. and Kikoin, I.K., Obogashchenie Urana (Uranium Enrichment), Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 1983.Google Scholar
- 24.Trusov, E.A., Tsodikov, M.V., and Slivinskii, E.V., Neftekhimiya, 1999, vol. 39, no. 4, p. 243 [Pet. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), vol. 39, no. 4, p. 243].Google Scholar
- 25.Trusov, L.I, US Patent 6364586, 1994.Google Scholar
- 26.Borovinskaya, I.P., Merzhanov, A.G., and Uvarov, V.I., RF Patent 2175904, 2000.Google Scholar
- 27.Ernandes, G.F., Development of Catalysts Based on Al2O3 and TiO2 for Transformations of CO, Hydrocarbons, and NOx in the Processes of Puriification of Exhaust Gases, Cand. Sci. (Chem.) Dissertation, Moscow: Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1999.Google Scholar
- 28.Stull, D.R., Wesrtum, E.F., and Sinke G.C., The Chemical Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, New York: Wiley, (1969).Google Scholar
- 29.Tsodikov, M.V., Teplyakov, V.V., and Magsumov, M.I., RF Patent Application 2006129565, 2007.Google Scholar