Portable Solution for Modeling Compressible Flows on All Existing Hybrid Supercomputers
A variant of a numerical algorithm for simulating viscous gasdynamic flows on unstructured hybrid grids and its software implementation for heterogeneous computations is described. The system of Navier–Stokes equations is approximated by the finite-volume method of an increased approximation order with the values of the variables being defined at the mass centers of the grid elements. The distributed software implementation of the numerical algorithm is adapted to running on hybrid computer systems of various architectures. Comparative implementations were created using the MPI, OpenMP, CUDA, and OpenCL software models permitting the use of multicore processors and various types of accelerators, including NVIDIA and AMD graphics processors, and Intel Xeon Phi multicore coprocessors. The data exchange between MPI processes and between processors and accelerators is carried out simultaneously with the execution of calculations (both in MPI + OpenMP mode and when using CUDA or OpenCL). The indicators of parallel efficiency and performance on systems with different types of computing devices are studied in detail. In the tests, up to 260 GPUs were successfully used.
Keywordscomputational gas dynamics heterogeneous computations turbulent flows MPI OpenMP CUDA OpenCL
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