Mathematical Models and Computer Simulations

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 382–390

# Mesh-ray model and method for calculating the laser radiation absorption

• I. P. Tsygvintsev
• A. Yu. Krukovskiy
• V. A. Gasilov
• V. G. Novikov
• I. V. Popov
Article

## Abstract

The present paper puts forward a mathematical model of laser radiation absorption in a laser target, which combines approximations of geometrical and wave optics and the corresponding numerical algorithm. This model depends on the principles of geometrical optics in the range of weak variation of the plasma refractive index on the scale of the wave length. This enables one to describe the refraction of the radiation. A transition to wave approximation is carried out near the surface of critical density, where the approximation of the geometrical optics is a fortiori inapplicable. For this aim, the plasma medium is approximately represented as a set of plane layers, on which the one-dimensional Helmholtz equation is solved. This makes it possible to construct a simple and relatively accurate method for calculating the absorption and reflection of laser radiation near the critical density surface in order to effectively take into account the dependence of the interaction of radiation with matter on the polarization direction, etc. The proposed model is adapted for implementation in the radiation gas dynamics (RGD) code. A numerical computation subroutine is presented based on the analytical solution of the differential equations corresponding to the optical ray model of the laser radiation energy flux. This solution is obtained under the assumption that the squared gradient of the refractive index is constant in any cell of the mesh. The convergence rates of the proposed algorithms are estimated using the data obtained in the numerical experiments.

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## Authors and Affiliations

• I. P. Tsygvintsev
• 1
• A. Yu. Krukovskiy
• 1
• V. A. Gasilov
• 1
• V. G. Novikov
• 1
• I. V. Popov
• 1
1. 1.Keldysh Institute of Applied MathematicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia