Derivation of the Boltzmann equation and entropy production in functional mechanics

Research Articles


A derivation of the Boltzmann equation from the Liouville equation by the use of the Grad limiting procedure in a finite volume is proposed. We introduce two scales of space-time: macro- and microscale and use the BBGKY hierarchy and the functional formulation of classical mechanics. According to the functional approach to mechanics, a state of a system of particles is formed from the measurements, which are rational numbers. Hence, one can speak about the accuracy of the initial probability density function in the Liouville equation. We assume that the initial data for the microscopic density functions are assigned by the macroscopic one (so one can say about a kind of hierarchy and subordination of the microscale to the macroscale) and derive the Boltzmann equation, which leads to the entropy production.

Key words

Loschmidt’s paradox Boltzmann equation Liouville equation BBGKY hierarchy Boltzmann-Grad limit 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Steklov Mathematical InstituteMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”MoscowRussia

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