Contemporary Problems of Ecology

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 63–75 | Cite as

Herpetofaunistic zonation of Northern Eurasia

Article

Abstract

Distributions of herptile faunas were delimited on a 1:20 000 000 World Phytogeographic Map of Northern Eurasia divided into 245 10-degree longitudinal segments of the native subzone within the former USSR borders (1990). All herptile species recorded in every segment were listed, the Jaccard indices were calculated, and the similarity matrix was studied with cluster analysis. A hierarchic classification was made, composed of 3 herpetofaunistic regions divided into 5 subzones, some of the subzones subdivided into 13 biologic provinces, with some of the provinces broken down into 32 districts. Environmental factors correlating with faunistic nonuniformity were revealed. This division is 2 to 4 times more informative than the schemes proposed earlier and explain 73% of variance in the faunal similarity coefficient of specific areas (multiple correlation coefficient 0.85). Environmental factors can explain 84% of faunistic nonuniformity (correlation coefficient 0.92).

Key words

zonation fauna amphibians reptiles Palearctic Northern Eurasia cluster analysis factors correlation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ph. J. Darlington Jr., Zoogeography: The Geographical Distribution of Animals (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1957; Moscow, Mir, 1966).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. I. Puzanov, Zoogeography (Gosizdat, Moscow, 1938) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. A. Bobrinskii, The Fauna and Nature of the USSR (Moscow, 1961, 1967) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. A. Severtsov, “Zoologic Zones of Extratropical Eurasia,” Izvestiya Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obshchestva, Vol. XIII (St. Petersburg, 1877) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. G. Heptner, General Zoogeography (Biomedgiz, Moscow and Leningrad, 1936) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. V. Kucheruk, “Analyses of Concepts of Zoogeographical Division of Palearctic by Russian Zoogeographists,” Trudy MOIP. Otd. Biol., Vol. 48: Principal Theriological Problems (Nauka, Moscow, 1972), pp. 150–176 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. V Terents’;ev and S. A. Chernov, Identification Guide to Herptiles (Sovetskaya Nauka, Moscow, 1949) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. N. Scherbak, “Fundamental of Herpetofaunistic Zonation of the USSR,” in Problems of Herpetology (Nauka, Leningrad, 1981), pp. 157–158 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. N. Matyushkin, Selected Works (Tovarishchestvo Nauch. Izdanii KMK, Moscow, 2005) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. V. Bobrov, “Amphibian Zoogeographical Regions of the Former Soviet Union,” in Advances in Amphibian Research in the Former Soviet Union (Pensoft Publishers, Sofia-Moscow, 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 201–208.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. L. Kuzs’;min, Amphibians of the Former USSR (Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdanii KMK, Moscow, 1999) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. V. Bobrov and G. M. Aleshchenko, “Herpetofaunistic Zonation of Russia and Adjoining States,” in Problems of Herpetology, Pushchino, 2001 (Moscow, 2001), pp. 31–34 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. K. Blinova and Yu. S. Ravkin, “Ornithofaunistic zonation of Northern Eurasia,” Sibirskii Ekologicheskii Zh. 15 (1), 101 (2008).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yu. I. Chernov, Ecology and Biogeography (Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdanii KMK, Moscow, 2008) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yu. I. Chernov, Native Zonality and Land Fauna (Mysl’, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yu. S. Ravkin and S. G. Livanov, Factor Zoogeography (Nauka, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, 2008).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    World Phytogeographic Map (GUGK, Moscow, 1972).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. K. Blinova, “Typology of North-Eurasian Ornithofauna,” in Abstracts of Papers on Ornithological Studies in Northern Eurasia (Stavropols’;skii Univ., Stavropol’, 2006), pp. 80–83 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N.B. Anans’;eva et al., “Amphibians and Reptiles,” in Encyclopedia of Russian Nature (AVR, Mocsow, 1998) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    N. B. Anans’;eva et al., Atlas of Reptiles of Northern Eurasia (Zoologicheskii Inst. RAN, St. Petersburg, 2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    V. A. Trofimov, “Models and Methods of Quantitative Analysis of Matrix of Coupling,” in Problems of Analysis of Discrete Data (Novosibirsk, 1976), Part 2, pp. 24–36 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. A. Trofimov and Yu. S. Ravkin, “Rapid Method of Estimating the Correlation between Spatial Faunal heterogeneity and Environmental Factors,” in Quantitative Methods in Animal Ecology (Zoologicheskii Inst. AN SSSR, Leningrad, 1980), pp. 113–115 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. V. Terents’;ev, “Correlational Pleiades Method,” Vestnik Lenigr. Univ., Ser. Biol., No. 9, 137 (1959).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Yu. S. Ravkin, Birds of the Forest Zone in the Ob Region (Nauka, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, 1978) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    N. N. Scherbak, “Grundzuge einer herpetogeographischen Gliederung der Palaärktis,” Vertebrata Hungarica, No. 21, 227 (1982).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yu. S. Ravkin, “Spatial-Typological Ordination of the Fauna of the West-Siberian Plain. Birds, Small Mammals, Amphibians,” Zoologicheskii Zh. 81 (9), 1116 (2002).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. M. Nikols’;skii, “Herptiles of Russian Empire,” Zapiski Imp. Akad. Nauk, VIII Seriya po Fiziko-Matematicheskomu Otd., 17 (1) (1905).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. F. Reumers, Nature Management (Mysl’, Moscow, 1990), pp. 562–565 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. P. Kuzyakin, “Zoogeography of USSR,” Uchenye Zapiski MOPI Im. N. K. Krupskoi 109 (1), 3 (1962).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    V. G. Mordkovich, Fundamentals of Biogeography (Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdanii KMK, Moscow, 2005) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    “Accumulated Air Temperatures for the Stable Period above 10°,” in Climatic Atlas of the USSR (GUGK, Moscow, 1960), Vol. 1, pp. 57–58 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. V Alfimov and D. I. Berman, “Two Cold Poles under the Snow Cover of Eurasia,” Priroda, No. 6, 27 (2006).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    World Agroclimatic Atlas (Gidrometeoizdat, Moscow-Leningrad, 1972).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. S. Ravkin
    • 1
  • I. N. Bogomolova
    • 1
  • V. A. Yudkin
    • 1
  1. 1.Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesInstitute of Systematics and Ecology of AnimalsNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations