Biological Activity and Environmental Safety of Selenium Nanoparticles Encapsulated in Starch Macromolecules


The biological activity of selenium nanoparticles (NPs) encapsulated in a starch matrix (NC Se/St) against the bacterium causing the potato ring rot Clavibacter sepedonicus (Cms) and potato plants in vitro has been studied. It was found that the NC Se/St consisted of spherical selenium NPs of a wide dimension range, which formed clusters. The NC Se/St was characterized by bactericidal and antibiofilm activity against the Cms bacteria. The experiments with plants have demonstrated the stimulating effect of the NC Se/St based on its influence on the biometric parameters. The nanocomposite (NC) reduced the negative effect of the infection of potato plants with Cms by increasing the plant protective functions. Meanwhile, it was revealed that selenium did not accumulate in potato tissues after the treatment with the NC Se/St is established. It was revealed also that the NC Se/St does not suppress soil bacteria Acinetobacter quilouiace and Rhodococcus erythropolis. The results obtained allow us to consider NC Se/St as an effective and environmentally safe agent for stimulating the development of agricultural plants due to the targeted low-dose delivery of antimicrobial nanoselenium biocomposites to bacterial phytopathogens.

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The study was carried out using the collections of the Center for Collective Use “Bioresource Center” of the Siberian Institute of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; the Center for Collective Use “Ultramicroanalysis” of the Limnological Institute, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (; and the material and technical base of the Baikal Analytical Center for Collective Use.


This study was carried out with the partial financial support for young PhD scientists by the President of the Russian Federation (grant no. MK-1220.2019.11), project AAAA-A19-119022690046-4.

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Correspondence to A. I. Perfileva.

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Translated by D. Novikova

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Perfileva, A.I., Nozhkina, O.A., Tretyakova, M.S. et al. Biological Activity and Environmental Safety of Selenium Nanoparticles Encapsulated in Starch Macromolecules. Nanotechnol Russia 15, 96–104 (2020).

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