Evaluation of cytotoxicity and efficiency of antioxidant protection of hydrophilic derivatives of 2,4,6-trialkylphenols in Escherichia coli cells

  • U. N. Rotskaya
  • L. P. Ovchinnikova
  • E. A. Vasunina
  • O. I. Sinitsina
  • N. V. Kandalintseva
  • E. A. Prosenko
  • G. A. Nevinsky


The effects of five new derivatives of 2,6-dialkyl-4-propylphenol containing different ionogenic groups (-SO3Na, -S-SO3Na, -S-(NH2)2Cl) in the para position on survival of the E. coli AB1157 strain and its isogenic strain deficient in repair enzyme genes have been investigated in the presence and in the absence of hydrogen peroxide. Survival of cells treated with hydrogen peroxide was markedly increased in the presence of sodium (3-(3,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propyl)-1-sulphonate (C1). Replacement of methyl substituents at ortho-position of C1 for tert-butyl or cyclohexyl groups decreased cell protection against exogenous hydrogen peroxide. Among 2,6-di-tert-buthylphenol the compound with the thiosulphonate group demonstrated properties similar to its sulphonate analog, whereas 3 mM isothiuronium chloride completely suppressed cell growth both in the absence and in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Thus, among the tested compounds C1 may be considered as the most promising antioxidant.


oxidative stress sulfur-containing phenolic antioxidants hydrophilic antioxidants 2,4,6-trisubstituted phenols 

Abbreviations used




colony forming unit


reactive oxygen species


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. N. Rotskaya
    • 1
  • L. P. Ovchinnikova
    • 1
  • E. A. Vasunina
    • 1
  • O. I. Sinitsina
    • 1
  • N. V. Kandalintseva
    • 2
  • E. A. Prosenko
    • 2
  • G. A. Nevinsky
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Cytology and GeneticsSiberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Novosibirsk State Pedagogic UniversityNovosibirskRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental MedicineSiberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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