The effects of inhibitors and magnesium ions on the activity of the thermostable extracellular cAMP-Specific phosphodiesterase of Physarum polycephalum plasmodium

  • A. R. Nezvetsky
  • T. G. Orlova
  • S. I. Beylina
  • N. Ya. Orlov
Articles
  • 86 Downloads

Abstract

Plasmodium of myxomycete Physarum polycephalum produces cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE). The extracellular PDE is cAMP-specific and highly thermostable. This study demonstrates that the extracellular PDE of Ph. polycephalum is weakly inhibited by caffeine, isobutylmethylxantine and theophiline (type I mammalian PDE nonspecific inhibitors), dipyridamole (mammalian PDE5, PDE6, PDE8 and PDE10 inhibitors), and erythro-9-[3-(2-hydroxynonyl)]-adenine (mammalian PDE2 inhibitor). The enzyme does not require Mg2+ for the activity. The results show that the Ph. polycephalum extracellular PDE differs from class I PDEs, represented by mammalian PDE1-PDE11, and, most likely, belongs to a poorly investigated class II PDEs.

Keywords

3′,5′-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase [EC 3.1.4.17] inhibitors of cyclic nucleotide-specific phosphodiesterases Mg2+ 

Abbreviations

PDE

cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase

EHNA

erythro-9-[3-(2-hydroxynonyl)]-adenine, mammalian PDE2 inhibitor

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. R. Nezvetsky
    • 1
  • T. G. Orlova
    • 1
  • S. I. Beylina
    • 1
  • N. Ya. Orlov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical and Experimental BiophysicsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow oblastRussia

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