The role of STIM1 in the receptor- and store-operated calcium influx in HEK293 cells
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The possible role of STIM1 protein in the regulation of activity of receptor- and store-operated Ca2+ channels in non-excitable cells has been studied. Receptor- and store-operated Ca2+ influxes have been measured using the fluorescent method of detection of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and the electrophysiological methods of whole-cell and single-channel current recordings in the control HEK293 cells and in HEK293 cells with suppressed expression of STIM1. The experiments have shown that STIM1 suppression results in a reduction of the amplitudes of both receptor- and store-operated inward calcium currents. The decrease of total Ca2+ influx of in response to an agonist or to passive depletion of calcium stores upon STIM1 suppression was due to the decrease or total absence of the activity of high-conductance channels Imax and non-selective channels Ins in HEK293 cells. A decrease in the STIM1 amount also altered the activity regulation of low-conductance Imin channels that changed from exclusively agonist-operated into store-dependent channels in HEK293 cells.
Key wordsSTIM1 receptor-operated influx store-operated influx calcium HEK293
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