TRPV5 and TRPV6 calcium channels in human T cells
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The recent cloning of the special calcium channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 (transient receptor potential vanilloid channels) has provided a molecular basis for studying previously unidentified calcium influx channels in electrically nonexcitable cells. In the present work using RT-PCR, we obtained the endogenous expression of mRNAs of genes trpv5 and trpv6 in lymphoblast leukemia Jurkat cells and in normal human T lymphocytes. Additionally, by immunoblotting, the presence of the channel-forming TRPV5 proteins has been shown both in the total lysate and in crude membrane fractions from Jurkat cells and normal T lymphocytes. The use of immunoprecipitation revealed TRPV6 proteins in Jurkat cells, whereas in normal T lymphocytes, this protein was not detected. The expression pattern and the selective Ca2+ permeation properties of TRPV5 and TRPV6 channels indicate the important role of these channels in Ca2+ homeostasis, as well as most likely in malignant transformation of blood cells.
Key wordsTRPV5 and TRPV6 calcium channels RT-PCR expression of channel-forming proteins human T cells
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