Symmetries of shallow water equations on a rotating plane
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We consider a system of nonlinear differential equations which describes the spatial motion of an ideal incompressible fluid on a rotating plane in the shallow water approximation and a more general system of the theory of long waves which takes into account the specifics of shear flows. Using the group analysis methods, we calculate the 9-dimensional Lie algebras of infinitesimal operators admissible by the models. We establish an isomorphism of these Lie algebras with a known Lie algebra of operators admissible by the system of equations for the two-dimensional isentropic motions of a polytropic gas with the adiabatic exponent γ = 2. The nontrivial symmetries of the models under consideration enable us to carry out the group generation of the solutions. The class of stationary solutions to the equations of rotating shallow water transforms into a new class of periodic solutions.
Key wordsequations of rotating shallow water symmetry Lie algebra
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