Geography and Natural Resources

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 301–307 | Cite as

Geophysical systems of landscapes

  • G. S. Makunina


The concept of geophysical systems of landscapes is suggested. This study identifies the energy components of the geophysical system of landscape and the most important functions that derive from them, which determine the boundaries and individuality of landscapes, and their differences in the rate of matter moisture transport. A methodological solution is suggested for the metric characteristic of landscapes from the system of intervals of basic hydrothermal indicators that control the rate of matter moisture transport and are used as a standard of functional stability of landscapes.


landscape integrity geophysical system functional stability energy components geophysical laws hydrothermal invariant mapping 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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