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Russian Journal of Pacific Geology

, Volume 1, Issue 6, pp 550–555 | Cite as

Continuous record of environmental changes in Chukotka during the last 350 thousand years

  • A. V. Lozhkin
  • P. M. Anderson
  • T. V. Matrosova
  • P. S. Minyuk
  • J. Brigham-Grette
  • M. Melles
Article

Abstract

The comprehensive study of the upper 1283 cm of sediment from Lake El’gygytgyn, which formed nearly 4 Ma ago following a meteorite impact in northern Chukotka, yielded the first continuous record of the extreme changes in the Beringian climate and vegetation from the middle Middle Pleistocene to recent time (equivalent of marine isotope stages of 1–7 and the upper part of isotope stage 8). During this period, the climate was warmer than at present between 8600 and 10 7000 14C years and during the Late Pleistocene (isotope substage 5e, 116–128 ka ago). In 2003, the German-Russian-USA expedition continued studying sediments of Lake El’gygytgyn to obtain new evidence of the change in the vegetation cover in the Middle Pleistocene and the first information on the Middle Pleistocene interglacial (isotope stage 9; 297–347 ka ago). Pollen spectra characterizing the Middle Pleistocene interglacial are similar to spectra of the early stage of the Early Pleistocene interglacial and the climatic optimum in the Pleistocene to Holocene transitional period. The climatic history of Lake El’gygytgyn is basic for stratigraphic interpretations and correlations in the eastern sector of the Arctic. These data also expand our understanding of climatic changes that are studied within the framework of the “Pole-Equator-Pole Paleoclimate,” “Past Global Changes,” and other international projects.

Key words

lacustrine sediments climate vegetation Pleistocene Holocene Beringia 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Lozhkin
    • 1
  • P. M. Anderson
    • 2
  • T. V. Matrosova
    • 1
  • P. S. Minyuk
    • 1
  • J. Brigham-Grette
    • 3
  • M. Melles
    • 4
  1. 1.Northeast Complex Research Institute, Far East DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesMagadanRussia
  2. 2.Quaternary Research CenterUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  3. 3.University of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  4. 4.Institute of Geophysics and GeologyLeipzigGermany

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