Synthesis and Thermal Performance of Polyurea Microcapsulated Phase Change Materials by Interfacial Polymerization
Microencapsulated phase change materials with paraffin as the core material were synthesized by interfacial polymerization of isophorone diisocyanate with diethylene triamine. The particle size and particle size distribution, morphology, thermal performance and the encapsulation efficiency of the prepared materials were investigated. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectrometer and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy suggested that the paraffin core was well encapsulated by the polyurea resin. The particle size of the prepared materials decreased and its distribution became narrow with the increase of the emulsification time, stirring speed and emulsifier amount. The thermal gravimetric analysis indicated that the prepared materials exhibited good thermal stability, while the differential scanning calorimetry their high encapsulation efficiency.
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